Elizabeth Gradwell

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BACKGROUND Robot-mediated therapies offer entirely new approaches to neurorehabilitation. In this paper we present the results obtained from trialling the GENTLE/S neurorehabilitation system assessed using the upper limb section of the Fugl-Meyer (FM) outcome measure. METHODS We demonstrate the design of our clinical trial and its results analysed using a(More)
To assess the variability among histopathologists in diagnosing and grading cervical intraepithelial neoplasia eight experienced histopathologists based at different hospitals examined the same set of 100 consecutive colposcopic cervical biopsy specimens and assigned them into one of six diagnostic categories. These were normal squamous epithelium,(More)
Eight histopathologists, based at different hospitals, who had previously examined 100 consecutive colposcopic cervical biopsies were circulated with the results of the initial study. The slides were then 'reblinded' and re-examined by the pathologists who, as before, assigned them into one of six diagnostic categories. The degree of interpathologist(More)
Ten young adult female Wistar rats were placed in a decompression chamber at a simulated altitude of 5500 m for 28 days, after which they were killed and their salivary glands and thoracic organs were compared with those of eight matched control rats that had been maintained at sea-level atmospheric pressure. The prolonged hypoxic conditions were severe(More)
The problem of the differential diagnosis both of central nervous system haemangioblastomas and metastases of renal clear cell carcinomas was investigated by immunoperoxidase labelled antibody staining of five cases each of haemangioblastoma and metastatic renal carcinoma. Staining using anticarcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), antikeratin, antifactor VIII(More)
Histological material was studied in five unselected cases of intestinal large-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, occurring in patients either with previously diagnosed coeliac disease, or with atrophic mucosa at the time of diagnosis. The morphological diagnosis in each case was centroblastic lymphoma: these tumours were composed of large cells with pale nuclei(More)
Airbags have been shown to significantly reduce mortality and morbidity in motor vehicle crashes. However, the airbag, like the seat belt, produces its own range of injuries. With the increasing use of airbags in the UK, airbag associated injuries will be seen more often. These are usually minor, but in certain circumstances severe and fatal injuries(More)
AIMS To compare the assessment of dyskaryosis in cervical smears made by specialist consultant cytopathologists and consultant general histopathologists. METHODS One hundred and ten cervical smears were circulated to 10 observers from five district general hospital histopathology departments and five major departments of cytopathology. Their responses(More)