Elizabeth Garami

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The gene mutated in cystic fibrosis codes for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), a cyclic AMP-activated chloride channel thought to be critical for salt and water transport by epithelial cells. Plausible models exist to describe a role for ATP hydrolysis in CFTR channel activity; however, biochemical evidence that CFTR possesses(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) functions as an ATPase and as a chloride channel. It has been hypothesized, on the basis of electrophysiological findings, that the catalytic activity of CFTR is tightly coupled to the opening and closing of the channel gate. In the present study, to determine the structural basis for the ATPase(More)
Assessment of the quaternary structure of membrane proteins by PAGE has been problematic owing to their relatively poor solubility in non-dissociative detergents. Here we report that several membrane proteins can be readily solubilized in their native quaternary structure with the use of the detergent perfluoro-octanoic acid (PFO). Further, PFO can be used(More)
We cloned human and murine cDNAs of a gene (designated PHR1), expressed preferentially in retina and brain. In both species, PHR1 utilizes two promoters and alternative splicing to produce four PHR1 transcripts, encoding isoforms of 243, 224, 208, and 189 amino acids, each with a pleckstrin homology domain at their N terminus and a transmembrane domain at(More)
ClC-2 belongs to a large family of chloride channels and its expression in certain cell types is associated with the appearance of swelling-activated chloride (Cl−) currents. In the present report, we examined the hypothesis that ClC-2 plays a role in regulatory volume decrease by expressing ClC-2 in Sf9 cells using the baculovirus system. First, we showed(More)
The chloride channel ClC-2 has been implicated in essential physiological functions, including cell-volume regulation and fluid secretion by specific epithelial tissues. Although ClC-2 is known to be activated by hyperpolarization and hypo-osmotic shock, the molecular basis for the regulation of this channel remains unclear. Here we show in the Xenopus(More)
While most cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-knockout animals die due to intestinal obstruction before or at the time of weaning, a subpopulation of these animals are long living and exhibit a milder phenotype. The decreased severity of intestinal disease in these mildly affected CF mice is related to the expression of non-CFTR(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a chloride channel situated on the apical membrane of epithelial cells. Our recent studies of purified, reconstituted CFTR revealed that it also functions as an ATPase and that there may be coupling between ATP hydrolysis and channel gating. Both the ATP turnover rate and channel gating are(More)
This report describes a novel, single-step strategy for the purification of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator from Sf9 cells, which will facilitate studies of the structure-function relationships of this clinically important molecule. The new method combines the use of the novel detergent sodium pentadecafluoro-octanoate with(More)
The chloride channel ClC-2 is thought to be essential for chloride homeostasis in neurons and critical for chloride secretion by the developing respiratory tract. In the present work, we investigated the quaternary structure of ClC-2 required to mediate chloride conduction. We found using chemical cross-linking and a novel PAGE system that tagged ClC-2(More)