Elizabeth G Galle

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BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) alone or combined with an implantable defibrillator (CRT-D) has been shown to improve exercise capacity and quality of life and to reduce heart failure (HF) hospitalizations and mortality in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III and IV HF. There is concern that the device procedure may(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of PR prolongation on outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is uncertain. OBJECTIVE To determine whether PR prolongation predicts outcomes in potential CRT candidates and whether CRT benefits these candidates regardless of baseline PR interval. METHODS A database of 1520 patients fulfilling criteria for CRT(More)
BACKGROUND The factors that determine the risk for sudden death or implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) therapies are largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We hypothesized that clinical measures of heart failure severity and the presence of comorbid conditions would predict the risk of(More)
BACKGROUND A total of 405 participants in the Comparison of Medical Therapy, Pacing, and Defibrillation in Heart Failure trial were prospectively enrolled in an exercise sub-study designed to study the influence of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on measures of exercise capacity, functional capacity, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
INTRODUCTION There are no randomized controlled trial data that evaluate mortality and hospitalization rates in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) recipients based on left ventricular (LV) lead location. We analyzed the event-driven outcomes of mortality and hospitalization as well as functional outcomes including Functional Class, Quality-of-Life, and(More)
BACKGROUND We report a case of irreversible unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy in connection with nasal septum surgery in intubation anaesthesia. On account of the spatial distance, there is no danger of injuring the hypoglossal nerve during nasal surgery. However, in the otorhinolaryngological and anaesthesiological literature, some cases of hypoglossal(More)
BACKGROUND The level of observed daily functioning in psychogeriatric nursing home patients may be related to nutrient intake and body weight. OBJECTIVE Relationships between nutrient intake, weight and daily functioning were assessed in nursing home residents. DESIGN A descriptive, correlational design added by a experimental (repeated measurements)(More)
OBJECTIVES We performed a post hoc analysis to determine the influence of cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D) or without a defibrillator (CRT-P) on outcomes among diabetic patients with advanced heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND In patients with systolic HF, diabetes is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. No data(More)
The difference between acoustically evoked potentials (AEP) in man due to either periodic signals or due to broad-band signals were investigated. Nine different stimulus intervals, i.e., 0.8, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, and 5.0 sec, were employed for the periodic signals and eight time intervals, i.e., 80, 100, 150, 250, 300, 350, 400, and 500 sec,(More)