Elizabeth Funk

Learn More
CONTEXT Small round-structured viruses (SRSVs) are known to cause viral gastroenteritis, but until now have not been confirmed in the implicated vehicle in outbreaks. OBJECTIVE Investigation of a gastroenteritis outbreak. DESIGN After applying epidemiologic methods to locate the outbreak source, we conducted environmental and laboratory investigations(More)
In the six years from 1975 through 1980, a total of 12 men died during jogging in the state of Rhode Island. The cause of death in 11 was coronary heart disease (CHD). One man died of an acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The prevalence of jogging in the Rhode Island population was determined using a random-digit telephone survey. Among men aged 30 through(More)
CONTEXT Injury is a major public health problem in Alaska, and alcohol consumption and injury death are associated. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between injury death, particularly alcohol-related injury death, and alcohol availability in remote Alaska. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Survey using death certificate data and medical examiner(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the most effective outbreak control strategy for school-based measles outbreaks as the proportion of children with two doses of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) increases. SETTING A school-based measles outbreak during 1996 involving 63 cases in Juneau, Alaska (population 29 288), where systematic revaccination with MCV was not(More)
In 2008, diagnosis and investigation of 2 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases with matching genotypes led to identification of an outbreak among foreign-born persons who performed short-term seafood production work in Alaska during 2006. Tuberculosis control programs should consider the possibility of domestic transmission even among foreign-born(More)
Gram-negative isolates from blood and cerebrospinal fluid were monitored for 1 year before and for 1 year after the first-line aminoglycoside in a busy pediatric department was changed from gentamicin to amikacin. In the general pediatric wards, the switch to amikacin resulted in no change in resistance of nosocomial gram-negative infections to either(More)
Emergence of new, previously unknown, and drug-resistant infectious diseases pose a major threat to global health. The emergence of infectious diseases in Alaska and the Arctic parallels the resurgence of infectious diseases worldwide. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has developed a strategy to revitalize the capacity to protect the public(More)
The dynamics of population-based immunity were examined by using serologic surveys of 7 villages in rural Alaska between 2 epidemics of hepatitis A virus (HAV) and after the second epidemic (1988-1990). Among persons aged 2-30 years, the overall age-adjusted prevalence of antibody to HAV (anti-HAV) was 51% in 1983 and 49% in 1993 (P=.506). In children aged(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most frequently occurring opportunistic pathogen and single most important infectious agent in renal transplant recipients, contributing significantly to their morbidity and mortality. Infection generally occurs in the first four months after transplant and develops in about two-thirds of these patients overall. Cytomegalovirus(More)