Elizabeth Elhassan

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Onchocerciasis can be effectively controlled as a public health problem by annual mass drug administration of ivermectin, but it was not known if ivermectin treatment in the long term would be able to achieve elimination of onchocerciasis infection and interruption of transmission in endemic areas in Africa. A recent study in Mali and Senegal has provided(More)
As the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) matured into its 10th year of ensuring community involvement in mass annual treatment of onchocerciasis with ivermectin, there was recognition of a need to study not only annual coverage of ivermectin in villages but also the compliance of individual villagers with these annual treatments. This was(More)
This is a review of the major publications from the Nigeria national blindness survey in order to highlight major findings and challenges of eye care in Nigeria. The review summarizes methodology and key findings. Survey publications on methodology, prevalence and causes of visual impairment and outcome of cataract surgery were retrieved, reviewed and(More)
In parts of Sudan and some other countries, teething is thought to be the cause of severe health problems in infants, and a traditional treatment involves lancing the alveolar process over the unerupted canines with a heated needle, a procedure known as 'haifat'. Three hundred and ninety-eight children aged 4-8 years were examined for the presence of enamel(More)
The effect of infection withTrypanosoma vivax on pregnancy and post-partum cyclicity in ewes was investigated. Of the 5 ewes infected in the first trimester, 3 died without aborting and 2 after aborting. Intrauterine infection occurred in 2 of the foetuses removed atpost mortem. Of the 5 infected in the third trimester, one ewe died without aborting, one(More)
The African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) sponsors annual distribution of ivermectin to control onchocerciasis. Ivermectin should be taken annually by 65% of community members for a number of years to eliminate the disease as a public health problem. While many community coverage surveys have been undertaken during project monitoring,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite having the largest population in Africa, Nigeria has no accurate population based data to plan and evaluate eye care services. A national survey was undertaken to estimate the prevalence and determine the major causes of blindness and low vision. This paper presents the detailed methodology used during the survey. METHODS A nationally(More)
Ten West African Dwarf ewes were inoculated withTrypanosoma vivax and, at varying intervals, treated subcuratively with diminazene aceturate to maintain the infection. Soon after infection all ewes and anoestrus for 40 to 96 days and 5 died by day 110 post infection. Compared to control animals, infected ewes had prolonged low levels of plasma progesterone(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess individual compliance with annual ivermectin treatment in onchocerciasis-endemic villages. METHODS Multi-site study in eight APOC-sponsored projects in Cameroon, Nigeria and Uganda to identify the socio-demographic correlates of compliance with ivermectin treatment. A structured questionnaire was administered on 2305 persons aged 10(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the prevalence of low vision and blindness, identify the causes, and suggest policies for an effective eye care program based on 2005 data from Sokoto State, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS A stratified two-stage cluster sampling method was used to quantify the prevalence of blindness and the causes from 4 health zones in Sokoto State.(More)