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Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a crucial regulator of organ development during embryogenesis. We investigated whether intramyocardial gene transfer of naked DNA encoding human Shh (phShh) could promote a favorable effect on recovery from acute and chronic myocardial ischemia in adult animals, not only by promoting neovascularization, but by broader effects,(More)
Delayed reendothelialization contributes to restenosis after angioplasty and stenting in diabetes. Prior data have shown that bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to endothelial recovery after arterial injury. We investigated the hypothesis that the EPC contribution to reendothelialization may be impaired in diabetes,(More)
BACKGROUND The function of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in repair of ischemic tissue has been the subject of intense scrutiny, and the capacity of these cells to contribute significantly to new blood vessels remains controversial. The possibility that EPCs could act as reservoirs of cytokines has been implied by several(More)
BACKGROUND Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a prototypical morphogen known to regulate epithelial-mesenchymal interaction during embryonic development. Recent observations indicate that exogenous administration of Shh can induce angiogenesis and may accelerate repair of ischemic myocardium and skeletal muscle. Because angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in wound(More)
BACKGROUND Aging is a risk factor for coronary and peripheral artery disease. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a proinflammatory cytokine, is expressed in ischemic tissue and is known to modulate angiogenesis. Little is known about the role of TNF-alpha receptors (TNFR1/p55 and TNFR2/p75) in angiogenic signaling. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied(More)
A simplified scheme of analysis is presented for the determination of free and esterified cholesterol, the phospholipids, and the neutral fats (triglycerides) of blood serum. The hydroxamic acid reaction is used to determine total esterified fatty acids. The phospholipids are determined after acid digestion of a trichloroacetic acid precipitate of(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in atherosclerosis. Accordingly, we performed a series of assessments with hypercholesterolemic (apolipoprotein E-null [ApoE(-/-)]) and wild-type (WT) mice to evaluate how cholesterol influences reendothelialization, atherosclerosis, and EPC function after arterial injury. (More)
We have tested the feasibility of using recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors as a tool for labeling bone marrow (BM) cells in vivo. We infected BM cells of donor FVB mice with rAAV vectors containing the lacZ gene for 2 h. We then injected the rAAV-infected cells to lethally irradiated-recipient FVB mice. Peripheral blood (PB), BM and spleen(More)