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In a period of 10 years fifteen patients bearing sixteen aneurysms arising at the posterior cerebral artery were operated at our institution. Based on the approaches selected for each location a division of the posterior cerebral artery into three surgical segments is proposed. The first segment (S1), or anterior extends from the basilar artery bifurcation(More)
Background. There are few data describing the microanatomy of the anterior-ventral spinal (AVSA) and anterior spinal arteries (ASA) and discussing their clinical and surgical implications. We describe the anatomical features of this arterial complex, and highlight their use when planning and performing surgical approaches to lesions involving the ventral(More)
A pretemporal approach to the interpeduncular and petroclival regions is described. Through a frontotemporal craniotomy based very low in the middle fossa the temporal lobe is completely exposed. The Sylvian, carotid, chiasmatic, and lamina terminalis cisterns are widely opened. The arachnoid fibers between the uncus and the frontal lobe, as well as those(More)
Microsurgery of multiple aneurysms is still a controversial subject. In order to avoid the risk of rebleeding and the consequent increase in morbidity in such cases all aneurysms or at least as many aneurysms as possible should be treated in the first operative procedure. To reach that goal aneurysms located on the contralateral side should also be(More)
Surgical indications for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) arising at the region of the basal ganglia are questionable and the majority of cases are considered inoperable. Albeit not free from risks of morbidity and mortality, the treatment of choice is usually radiosurgery for small lesions, and embolization plus radiosurgery for larger lesions.(More)
This study aimed to determine whether dental calculus formation is really higher among patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis than among controls. Furthermore, the study evaluated correlations between dental calculus formation and dental plaque, variables that are related to renal disease and/or saliva composition. The Renal Group was(More)
Patients with many advanced solid cancers have very poor prognosis, and improvements in life expectancy are measured only in months. We have recently reported the remarkable clinical outcome of a patient with advanced, gemcitabine-resistant, pancreatic cancer who was later treated with DNA-damaging agents, on the basis of the observation of significant(More)
Maize plants infected with Spiroplasma kunkelii show symptoms similar to that of plants in a magnesium-deficient soil, and it has been shown that the spiroplasma alters the plants' magnesium absorption. In the current study we compared changes associated to either spiroplasma infection, two soil magnesium levels and their combinations. Plant symptoms were(More)
In this study, parameters such as the flow rate, buffer capacity, sialic acid, protein and electrolyte concentrations, and amylase and peroxidase activities were analyzed in stimulated whole saliva from adolescents with dental fluorosis. From 135 adolescents (13 and 14 years-old) attending a primary and secondary school in the coastal city of(More)
Purpose: Investigate the efficacy and pharmacodynamic effects of MK-1775, a potent Wee1 inhibitor, in both monotherapy and in combination with gemcitabine (GEM) using a panel of p53-deficient and p53 wild-type human pancreatic cancer xenografts. Experimental Design: Nine individual patient-derived pancreatic cancer xenografts (6 with p53-deficient and 3(More)