Elizabeth Dao

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The current study investigated the contributions of contralesional primary somatosensory cortex (S1c) to motor learning deficits post-stroke. For three days, continuous theta burst (cTBS) was delivered over the contralesional hemisphere prior to practicing a serial targeting task. cTBS was delivered over either S1c, contralesional primary motor cortex (M1c)(More)
Top-down control of visual sensory cortex has long been tied to the orienting of visual spatial attention on a rapid, moment-to-moment basis. Here, we examined whether sensory responses in visual cortex are also modulated by natural and comparatively slower fluctuations in whether or not one is paying attention to the task at hand. Participants performed a(More)
Somatosensation is thought to play an important role in skilled motor learning. The present study investigated how healthy adults learn a continuous implicit motor task when somatosensation is altered by 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) delivered over the primary somatosensory cortex (S1). Twenty-seven right-handed participants(More)
Mind wandering episodes have been construed as periods of "stimulus-independent" thought, where our minds are decoupled from the external sensory environment. In two experiments, we used behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measures to determine whether mind wandering episodes can also be considered as periods of "response-independent" thought, with(More)
Mind wandering is a natural, transient state wherein our neurocognitive systems become temporarily decoupled from the external sensory environment as our thoughts drift away from the current task at hand. Yet despite the ubiquity of mind wandering in everyday human life, we rarely seem impaired in our ability to adaptively respond to the external(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the independent contribution of change in sub-total body fat and lean mass to cognitive performance, specifically the executive processes of selective attention and conflict resolution, in community-dwelling older women. METHODS This secondary analysis included 114 women aged 65 to 75 years old. Participants were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Falls are a 'geriatric giant' and are the third leading cause of chronic disability worldwide. About 30% of community-dwellers over the age of 65 experience one or more falls every year leading to significant risk for hospitalization, institutionalization, and even death. As the proportion of older adults increases, falls will place an increasing(More)
Consolidation of motor memories associated with skilled practice can occur both online, concurrent with practice, and offline, after practice has ended. The current study investigated the role of dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) in early offline motor memory consolidation of implicit sequence-specific learning. Thirty-three participants were assigned to one of(More)
Subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI) is the most preventable form of cognitive dysfunction. There is converging evidence from animal and human studies that indicate vascular injury as the primary cause of SIVCI. Currently, there are no curative pharmaceutical treatments for vascular dementia; however, exercise may be a promising(More)