Elizabeth Carson

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BACKGROUND Prenatal care is considered to be an important component of primary health care. Our study compared prenatal care utilization and rates of adverse birth outcomes for mothers from low- and higher-income areas of New Mexico between 1989 and 1999. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Prenatal care indicators included the number of prenatal care visits(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the mortality attributable to smoking and years of potential life lost from smoking among people in prison and whether bans on smoking in prison are associated with reductions in smoking related deaths. DESIGN Analysis of cross sectional survey data with the smoking attributable mortality, morbidity, and economic costs system;(More)
In this synthesis we review research on going-concern modified audit opinions (GCOs) and develop a framework to categorize this research. We identify three major areas of research: (1) determinants of GCOs that include client factors, auditor factors, auditor-client relationships, and other environmental factors; (2) accuracy of GCOs; and (3) consequences(More)
BACKGROUND We wanted to examine the association between Medicaid managed care (MMC) and changing immunization coverage in New Mexico, a predominantly rural, poor, and multiethnic state. METHODS As part of a multimethod assessment of MMC, we studied trends in quantitative data from the National Immunization Survey (NIS) using temporal plots, Fisher's exact(More)
More than two decades ago, Smith and Welch (1989) used the 1940 through 1980 census files to document important relative black progress, but this progress did not continue, at least among men. Since 1980, prison populations have grown tremendously in the United States. Here, we show that, at least for the eight states that provide fairly reliable National(More)
Regulators have raised concerns about the quality of audits of financial statements of multinational companies. Of particular concern are engagements in which parts of the audit are not undertaken by the principal auditor but involve component auditors either affiliated or unaffiliated with the signing audit firm. Using unique disclosure requirements for(More)
More than two decades ago, Smith and Welch (1989) used the 1940 through 1980 census files to document important relative black progress. However, recent data indicate that this progress did not continue, at least among men. The growth of incarceration rates among black men in recent decades combined with the sharp drop in black employment rates during the(More)