Elizabeth Cantor-Graae

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OBJECTIVE The authors synthesize findings of previous studies implicating migration as a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia and provide a quantitative index of the associated effect size. METHOD MEDLINE was searched for population-based incidence studies concerning migrants in English-language publications appearing between the years 1977(More)
More than 11 million children under 15 years in sub-Saharan Africa have lost at least one parent to AIDS. In Uganda, about 2 million children are orphans, with one or both parents dead. The objective of this study was to investigate the psychosocial consequences of AIDS orphanhood in a rural district in Uganda and to identify potential areas for future(More)
The purpose of the current study is twofold: (a) to provide an overall synthesis of recent research on substance abuse in schizophrenia and (b) to present findings in a Swedish patient sample. Studies conducted since 1990 have found a wide range of abuse prevalence rates, with male gender and younger age as primary correlates. Less certainty exists(More)
BACKGROUND A growing body of evidence suggests that migration is a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia, although the putative mechanism remains obscure. AIMS To examine immigrant background and history of foreign residence as risk factors for schizophrenia. METHOD Using data from the Danish Civil Registration System, we established a(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and type of neurological abnormalities in schizophrenic patients and their nonpsychotic siblings. METHOD A comprehensive neurological assessment, including evaluation of both hard and soft signs, was performed for 60 schizophrenic patients, 21 siblings, and 75 normal comparison subjects. (More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW An exploration of the evidence that a history of migration is a risk factor for schizophrenia and an evaluation of those studies that seek an explanation for this. RECENT FINDINGS A meta-analysis found an increased risk for schizophrenia among first-generation and second-generation migrants and found a particularly high risk for migrants(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown high rates of psychosis among Afro-Caribbean immigrants to the UK and immigrants to the Netherlands. Rates of schizophrenia-like psychoses (SLP), i.e. schizophrenia or other non-affective psychosis, among the native-born and immigrant populations were assessed in Malmö, the city in Sweden with the highest proportion of(More)
The new McNeil-Sjöström Scale for obstetric complications (OCs), as well as scales of Lewis et al. (Schizophrenia: Scientific progress. Oxford University Press, 1989) and Parnas et al. (British Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 416-420, 1982), were applied to the OC histories of 70 singleton schizophrenics and 70 demographically-matched controls from the same(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and type of minor physical anomalies in schizophrenic patients and their normal siblings. METHOD Sixty adult patients with schizophrenia, 21 siblings of these patients, and 75 normal comparison subjects were assessed through use of an extended scale consisting of the Waldrop scale and 23 other(More)