Elizabeth C. Wright

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CONTEXT Cognitive training has been shown to improve cognitive abilities in older adults but the effects of cognitive training on everyday function have not been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of cognitive training on daily function and durability of training on cognitive abilities. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Five-year follow-up(More)
Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in sickle cell disease (SCD). Previous studies reported conflicting pictures of ACS making therapeutic interventions difficult. The Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease prospectively followed 3,751 patients enrolled from birth to 66 years of age for ACS. Data on presenting signs(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the results of serial neuropsychologic testing in children with sickle cell disease with the results of serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations, particularly to evaluate neuropsychologic function in the absence of overt stroke. STUDY DESIGN In the Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease, serial neuropsychologic and MRI(More)
Knowledge of the presence of cirrhosis is important for the management of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Most models for predicting cirrhosis were derived from small numbers of patients and included subjective variables or laboratory tests that are not readily available. The aim of this study was to develop a predictive model of cirrhosis in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The most effective therapy currently available for treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the combination of peginterferon and ribavirin. This study evaluated the effectiveness of this treatment in patients who were nonresponders to previous interferon-based therapy. METHODS The first 604 patients enrolled in the Hepatitis C(More)
The presence of airways obstruction identify in middle-aged male smokers at increased risk for lung cancer. This hypothesis was tested in a sample of patients with moderate to severe obstruction from the Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing Trial and a sample of patients with no obstruction to moderate obstruction from the Johns Hopkins Lung Project,(More)
Imbalances in glucose and energy homeostasis are at the core of the worldwide epidemic of obesity and diabetes. Here, we illustrate an important role of the TGF-β/Smad3 signaling pathway in regulating glucose and energy homeostasis. Smad3-deficient mice are protected from diet-induced obesity and diabetes. Interestingly, the metabolic protection is(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic hepatitis C who do not have a response to antiviral treatment, the disease may progress to cirrhosis, liver failure, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death. Whether long-term antiviral therapy can prevent progressive liver disease in such patients remains uncertain. METHODS We conducted a randomized, controlled trial of(More)
BACKGROUND Acute non-A, non-B hepatitis after blood transfusion often progresses to chronic hepatitis and sometimes culminates in cirrhosis or even hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the frequency of these sequelae and their effects on mortality are not known. METHODS We traced patients with transfusion-related non-A, non-B hepatitis who had been(More)