Elizabeth C Davies

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Neotyphodium sp. Lp1, an endophytic fungus from perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), produces the mycotoxin ergovaline in infected grasses, whereas a mutant in which a particular peptide synthetase gene is knocked out does not. We examined the impact of this knockout on other constituents of the ergot alkaloid pathway. Two simple lysergic acid amides,(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are metal-binding proteins that confer heavy metal tolerance and accumulation in yeast. To augment higher plant metal sequestration, the yeast metallothionein (CUP 1) was introduced into tobacco plants. The CUP 1 gene expression and copper and cadmium phytoextraction were determined. To confirm transformation, selfed and(More)
Three grass host species--tall fescue, Festuca arundinacea Schreber; meadow fescue, Festuca pratensis Hudson; and perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne L.--each infected with a number of different Neotyphodium endophyte isolates, were investigated for their effects on fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith). Alkaloid profiles varied among(More)
An improved extraction and cleanup procedure for quantitative analysis of ergovaline in Neotyphodium-infected grass tissues by high-performance liquid chromatography was developed, utilizing aqueous 2-propanol-lactic acid as extraction solvent. Losses of sample material and time requirements were significantly reduced, handling procedures simplified, and(More)
The aim of the study was to determine whether the expression of sulphotransferase enzymes could be affected by the presence of cytokines or peptide hormones. The effects of cytokines (TNF-alpha and TGF-beta) and insulin on sulphotransferase (SULT 1A1 and 1A3) activity were studied in a human neuronal cell line (SK-N-SH) and a human gastrointestinal tract(More)
UNLABELLED The extreme stability of the latent HIV-1 reservoir in the CD4(+) memory T cell population prevents viral eradication with current antiretroviral therapy. It has been demonstrated that homeostatic T cell proliferation and clonal expansion of latently infected T cells due to viral integration into specific genes contribute to this extraordinary(More)
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