Elizabeth C. Butler

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The kinetics and in some cases stable carbon isotope fractionation associated with abiotic reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE) by model Fe(II)-bearing minerals present in anaerobic soils were measured. The minerals studied were chloride green rust (GR-Cl), sulfate green rust (GR-SO(4)), pyrite, magnetite, and(More)
Batch experiments were conducted to study the effects of titanium dioxide (TiO2) concentration and pH on the initial rates of photocatalytic oxidation of aqueous ammonium/ ammonia (NH4+/NH3) and nitrite (NO2-) in UV-illuminated TiO2 suspensions. While no simple kinetic model could fit the data at lower TiO2 concentrations, at TiO2 concentrations > or = 1(More)
Significant carbon isotope fractionation was observed during FeS-mediated reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE). Bulk enrichment factors (E(bulk)) for PCE were -30.2 +/- 4.3 per thousand (pH 7), -29.54 +/- 0.83 per thousand (pH 8), and -24.6 +/- 1.1 per thousand (pH 9). For TCE, E(bulk) values were -33.4 +/- 1.5(More)
Isotope fractionation has been used with increasing frequency as a tool to quantify degradation of chlorinated aliphatic pollutants in the environment. The objective of this research was to determine if the electron donor present in enrichment cultures prepared from uncontaminated sediments influenced the extent of isotope fractionation of(More)
Four advanced oxidation processes (UV/TiO(2), UV/IO(4)(-), UV/S(2)O(8)(2-), and UV/H(2)O(2)) were tested for their ability to mineralize naphthenic acids to inorganic carbon in a model oil sands process water containing high dissolved and suspended solids at pH values ranging from 8 to 12. A medium pressure mercury (Hg) lamp was used, and a Quartz immersion(More)
This study investigated the transformation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) by goethite, hematite, magnetite, and kaolinite treated with bisulfide to form coatings of iron monosulfide (FeS) and other Fe(II) species. These coatings contribute to abiotic natural attenuation in anaerobic environments. Batch kinetic experiments were performed under anoxic(More)
This paper investigated the mackinawite (FeS)-associated products formed during reaction between FeS and carbon tetrachloride (CT) at pH 7 and 8. At pH 8, reaction of FeS with CT led to formation of abundant spherical particles with diameters between 50 and 400 nm on the FeS surface and in solution; far fewer such particles were observed at pH 7. Analysis(More)
The objective of this research was to identify the dissolved species or solid phase mineral fraction(s) best correlated with rates of carbon tetrachloride (CT) reductive transformation in systems modeling sulfate-reducing and iron oxide-rich soils and sediments. We used sulfide (S(-II))-treated goethite as our model system, but also studied Fe(II) and(More)
Rates and products of abiotic mineral-mediated carbon tetrachloride (CT) transformation were measured in microcosms prepared from natural soils and sediments that were incubated under iron-reducing and sulfate-reducing conditions, then sterilized to inhibit microbial activity. For one set of microcosms, the rate of CT disappearance was correlated with the(More)
Interest has grown in the use of reactive minerals for natural and engineered transformation of ground water contaminants. This study investigated how the structural properties of 10 model compounds representing natural organic matter (NOM) influenced their adsorption to chloride green rust (GR-Cl), and how this adsorption affected rate constants for(More)