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The higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is an important model for identifying plant genes and determining their function. To assist biological investigations and to define chromosome structure, a coordinated effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome was initiated in late 1996. Here we report one of the first milestones of this project, the(More)
The plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) has become an important model species for the study of many aspects of plant biology. The relatively small size of the nuclear genome and the availability of extensive physical maps of the five chromosomes provide a feasible basis for initiating sequencing of the five chromosomes. The YAC (yeast artificial(More)
The genome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana has been sequenced by an international collaboration, The Arabidopsis Genome Initiative. Here we report the complete sequence of chromosome 5. This chromosome is 26 megabases long; it is the second largest Arabidopsis chromosome and represents 21% of the sequenced regions of the genome. The sequence of(More)
Fungi influence nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems, as they are major regulators of decomposition and soil respiration. However, little is known about the substrate preferences of individual fungal species outside of laboratory culture studies. If active fungi differ in their substrate preferences in situ, then changes in fungal diversity due to(More)
The role of common mycorrhizal networks (CMNs) in postfire boreal forest successional trajectories is unknown. We investigated this issue by sampling a 50-m by 40-m area of naturally regenerating black spruce (Picea mariana), trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides), and paper birch (Betula papyrifera) seedlings at various distances from alder (Alnus viridis(More)
Australian Subtropical White Syndrome (ASWS) is an infectious, temperature dependent disease of the subtropical coral Turbinaria mesenterina involving a hitherto unknown transmissible causative agent. This report describes significant changes in the coral associated bacterial community as the disease progresses from the apparently healthy tissue of ASWS(More)
Methods are described by which DNA can be amplified directly from ectomycorrhizal root tip homogenates of a variety of plant species (Picea mariana (black spruce), Betula papyrifera (paper birch), Populus tremuloides (trembling aspen) and Alnus sp.(alder)), including root tips that have been preserved in RNA Later (Ambion, Austin, TX). In most cases for(More)
We extend the classical one-dimensional Bayes binary classifier to create a classification rule that has a region of neutrality, to account for cases where the implied weight of evidence is too weak for a confident classification. The new classifier is illustrated using a microorganism community profiling application. In this application, ribosomal(More)
Appendix A. Additional methods used for DNA fingerprinting, substrate preparations, Quantitative PCR, and data analysis. Oligonucleotide fingerprinting of rRNA genes (OFRG) Clones obtained from fungal rRNA sequences were subjected to a series of hybridization experiments, each containing a single 10-nucleotide DNA probe. Briefly, rRNA gene clones were(More)
We study the problem of selecting control clones in DNA array hybridization experiments. The problem arises in the OFRG method for analyzing microbial communities. The OFRG method performs classification of rRNA gene clones using binary fingerprints created from a series of hybridization experiments, where each experiment consists of hybridizing a(More)
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