Elizabeth Anne Greene

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Sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) can be inhibited by nitrate-reducing, sulphide-oxidizing bacteria (NR-SOB), despite the fact that these two groups are interdependent in many anaerobic environments. Practical applications of this inhibition include the reduction of sulphide concentrations in oil fields by nitrate injection. The NR-SOB Thiomicrospira sp.(More)
A Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough mutant lacking the nrfA gene for the catalytic subunit of periplasmic cytochrome c nitrite reductase (NrfHA) was constructed. In mid-log phase, growth of the wild type in medium containing lactate and sulfate was inhibited by 10 mM nitrite, whereas 0.6 mM nitrite inhibited the nrfA mutant. Lower concentrations (0.04(More)
MICs of six broad-spectrum biocides and two specific metabolic inhibitors and fractional inhibitory concentration indexes (FICIs) for controlling a sulfide-producing consortium were determined. Nitrite was synergistic (FICI<1) with all but one biocide due to its specific inhibition of dissimilatory sulfite reductase. Hence, combining nitrite with biocides(More)
Development of fast and accurate methods for monitoring environmental microbial diversity is one of the great challenges in microbiology today. Oligonucleotide probes based on 16S rRNA sequences are widely used to identify bacteria in the environment. However, the successful development of a chip of immobilized 16S rRNA probes for identification of large(More)
Soil contaminated with C5+, which contained benzene (45%, wt/wt), dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) plus cyclopentadiene (together 20%), toluene (6%), styrene (3%), xylenes (2%), naphthalene (2%), and smaller quantities of other compounds, served as the source for isolation of 55 genomically distinct bacteria (standards). Use of benzene as a substrate by these(More)
OBJECTIVES Our primary objective was to review the current use of propranolol for treatment of infantile hemangioma (IH), specifically regarding 1) the age at initiation of therapy, 2) the method of initiation, 3) the use of other adjuvant therapy, 4) the duration of therapy and relapse rate, 5) the adverse events, and 6) the outcome. Our secondary(More)
Sulfolane (tetrahydrothiophene-1,1-dioxide) is used in the Sulfinol process for natural gas sweetening. At many sour-gas processing plants spills, landfills and leakage from unlined surface storage ponds have contaminated groundwaters with sulfolane. Due to its high water solubility and mobility in aquifers, sulfolane poses a risk for off-site(More)
IMPORTANCE While propranolol is touted as superior to prednisolone for treating infantile hemangiomas (IH), a randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing the outcome and tolerability of these medications for symptomatic, proliferating IH has not been reported. OBJECTIVES To determine if oral propranolol is more efficacious and better tolerated than(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COXs) are the primary targets of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and thus enzymes of major interest to pharmacology, pharmacogenetics, and epidemiology. Genetic variants that affect enzyme function, or the interaction with NSAIDs, could alter drug response. We have screened the human COX1 gene coding(More)
Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) are inhibited by nitrate-reducing, sulfide-oxidizing bacteria (NR-SOB) in the presence of nitrate. This inhibition has been attributed either to an increase in redox potential or to production of nitrite by the NR-SOB. Nitrite specifically inhibits the final step in the sulfate reduction pathway. When the NR-SOB(More)