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OBJECTIVE To examine the frequency, timing, and factors associated with abnormal cognitive and motor development during the first 30 months of life in infants born to women infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). METHODS Serial neurodevelopmental assessment was performed with 595 infants born to women infected with HIV-1 in a(More)
A randomized controlled trial study design was used to investigate the effectiveness of a Healthy Families America model prenatal intervention for increasing breastfeeding rates among Latina immigrants residing in an impoverished New York City community. Exposure to the intervention did not affect mother report of any breastfeeding (ABF) during the first(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that increased physical contact, experimentally induced, would promote greater maternal responsiveness and more secure attachment between infant and mother. Low-SES mothers of newborn infants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 23) that received soft baby carriers (more physical contact) or to(More)
Little is known as to why some parents choose to engage in voluntary home visitation services while others refuse or avoid services. To address this knowledge gap, this study tests several hypotheses about the factors that influence maternal intentions to engage in home visitation services and the link between these intentions and the receipt of a home(More)
Guided by an integrated theory of parent participation, this study examines the role community characteristics play in influencing a parent's decision to use voluntary child abuse prevention programs. Multiple regression techniques were used to determine if different community characteristics, such as neighborhood distress and the community's ratio of(More)
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