Elizabeth Adams

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Recently, agonist antibodies to glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor (GITR) (tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 18) have been shown to neutralize the suppressive activity of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells. It was anticipated that this would be the role of the physiological ligand. We have identified and expressed the gene for mouse(More)
Infectious tolerance describes the process of CD4(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) converting naïve T cells to become additional Tregs. We show that antigen-specific Tregs induce, within skin grafts and dendritic cells, the expression of enzymes that consume at least 5 different essential amino acids (EAAs). T cells fail to proliferate in response to antigen(More)
Murine dendritic cells (DCs) expressing indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) catabolize tryptophan and can suppress T cell responses elicited in vivo. Here, we identify specific subsets of splenic (CD11c+) dendritic cells competent to mediate IDO-dependent T cell suppression following CTLA4-mediated ligation of B7 molecules. IDO-competent DC subsets acquired(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may be complicated by extrahepatic manifestations such as polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), glomerulonephritis, polymyositis, and dermatitis, but the etiology of these processes is not yet clear. HBV replication has been demonstrated in a variety of extrahepatic tissues and cell types, but the possible pathogenetic role of(More)
It is now possible to induce donor-specific transplantation tolerance in adult rodents using non-depleting monoclonal antibodies against T cell co-receptor and co-stimulation molecules or by immunisation with tolerogenic antigen-presenting cells. It is a common finding of all these models of peripheral tolerance, as well as of various mouse models of(More)
A paradigm shift in immunology has been the recent discovery of regulatory T cells (T reg cells), of which CD4(+)Foxp3(+) cells are proven as essential to self-tolerance. Using transgenic B6.Foxp3(hCD2) mice to isolate and ablate Foxp3(+) T reg cells with an anti-hCD2 antibody, we show for the first time that CD4(+)Foxp3(+) cells are crucial for infectious(More)
Transplantation tolerance can be induced in mice by grafting under the cover of nondepleting CD4 plus CD8 or CD154 mAbs. This tolerance is donor Ag specific and depends on a population of CD4(+) regulatory T cells that, as yet, remain poorly defined in terms of their specificity, origin, and phenotype. Blocking of the Ag-specific response in vitro with an(More)
OBJECTIVE Determine child care providers' infant feeding knowledge, attitude and behavior changes after viewing the infant feeding Web site and determine the effectiveness of the Web site and bilingual educational materials. DESIGN Intervention and control groups completed an on-line pretest survey, viewed a Web site for 3 months, and completed an on-line(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and training needs of child care providers on infant feeding practices, specifically breastfeeding. Needs assessment surveys for child care directors and infant room teachers were developed, tested and mailed to the 277 Colorado child care centers licensed to care for infants (≤12(More)
Nondepleting anti-CD154 (CD40 ligand) mAbs have proven effective in inducing transplantation tolerance in rodents and primates. In the induction phase, anti-CD154 Ab therapy is known to enhance apoptosis of Ag reactive T cells. However, this may not be the sole explanation for tolerance, as we show in this study that tolerance is maintained through a(More)