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IMPORTANCE Systematic reviews suggest adult patients in intensive care units (ICUs) with relative contraindications to early enteral nutrition (EN) may benefit from parenteral nutrition (PN) provided within 24 hours of ICU admission. OBJECTIVE To determine whether providing early PN to critically ill adults with relative contraindications to early EN(More)
INTRODUCTION To determine whether the provision of early standard enteral nutrition (EN) confers treatment benefits to adult trauma patients who require intensive care. MATERIALS AND METHODS MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched. Hand citation review of retrieved guidelines and systematic reviews was undertaken and academic and industry experts were contacted.(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the provision of early standard enteral nutrition (EN) confers treatment benefits to critically ill patients. METHODS Medline and EMBASE were searched. Hand citation review of retrieved guidelines and systematic reviews were undertaken, and academic and industry experts were contacted. Methodologically sound randomised(More)
IMPORTANCE Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by severe loss of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and is associated with a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay and increased risk of death. No interventions have yet been shown to prevent AKI or preserve GFR in critically ill patients. Evidence from mammalian physiology and small clinical trials(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Meta-epidemiological reviews report that trials of nutritional support in critical illness rarely fulfil basic quality requirements, with overall quality rated as 'worse than poor'. This update reviews recently published trials to determine whether current evidence meets or exceeds basic quality requirements. RECENT FINDINGS Although(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurologic complications after coronary artery bypass grafting remain a concern. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is a surgical strategy proposed to decrease this risk. Use of an off-pump anaortic technique, which leaves the ascending aorta untouched, may result in further reductions. This systematic review of all published evidence(More)
We investigated the social interactions of college students varying in dependency and self-criticism. Forty-eight college students used a modified version of the Rochester Interaction Record to record quantitative and qualitative features of every 10-minute or longer interaction during a seven-day period. Daily measures of mood were also collected.(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to determine the spectrum of antimicrobial activity of 11 samples of stingless bee honey compared to medicinal, table and artificial honeys. METHODS AND RESULTS Activity was assessed by agar diffusion, agar dilution, broth microdilution and time-kill viability assays. By agar dilution, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)(More)
Mucous cell size and distribution were investigated in the skin of five salmon using a novel stereology-based methodology: one (48 cm) fish to test 15 tissue treatment combinations on measures of cell area and density on the dorsolateral region and, using the most suitable treatment, we mapped mucous cell differences between body regions on four (52 cm)(More)
International quality improvement initiatives such as Fast-Hug bring a focus on improving the delivery of early enteral nutrition to critically ill patients, however surveys demonstrate current practice remains variable. One way to reduce variability in practice is to provide strong evidence to convince clinicians to change. The purpose of this overview was(More)