Elizabeth A. Stern

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BACKGROUND Binge eating predisposes children to excessive weight gain. However, it is unknown if pediatric binge eating predicts other obesity-associated adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between binge eating and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children. METHOD Children aged 5-12 years at(More)
CONTEXT The effect of obesity and concomitant insulin resistance on pubertal development is incompletely elucidated. OBJECTIVE To determine how measures of adiposity and insulin resistance are associated with pubertal maturation in boys and girls. SETTING AND DESIGN Breast and pubic hair Tanner stage and testicular volume by orchidometry were determined(More)
BACKGROUND Central nervous system histaminergic tone is thought to play a role in appetite regulation. In animal models, histamine receptor 1 (HRH1) agonists and histamine receptor 3 (HRH3) antagonists decrease food intake. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the acute effects of betahistine hydrochloride (an HRH1 agonist and HRH3(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To describe the development, design, and validation of an emergency department protocol for the identification, documentation, and referral of victims of domestic violence. METHODS We based protocol development and design on a departmental needs assessment. The validation component involved the screening of women 16 years and older treated(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether having childhood depressive symptoms is a risk factor that prospectively predicts impairment in glucose homeostasis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A non-treatment-seeking sample of 115 children (aged 5-13 years), oversampled for being at risk for adult obesity, was assessed at baseline and again ~6(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper identifies comorbid factors among female emergency department (ED) patients who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). METHODS 321 adult female patients completed self-administered questionnaires while in an urban North Carolina emergency department. IPV was assessed by questioning whether the patient had ever been afraid(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT Childhood obesity has increased 3 to 4 fold. Some children gain excess weight in summer. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS Total energy expenditure increases almost linearly with fat-free mass. A lower total energy expenditure was not detected in summer. OBJECTIVE Recent data report that the youth experience greater weight(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The forkhead factor Foxa3 is involved in the early transcriptional events controlling adipocyte differentiation and plays a critical function in fat depot expansion in response to high-fat diet regimens and during aging in mice. No studies to date have assessed the potential associations of genetic variants in FOXA3 with human(More)
SUMMARY We have postulated a gradient of changes in cervical carcinogenesis ranging from preliminary nonspecific cellular modulations and atypias, through dysplasia as a precursor state, with increasing degrees of severity, to the noninvasive and invasive stages of cancer. In this paper we describe contruction and validation of a numerical scale in relation(More)