Elizabeth A. Stephan

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Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare endocrine malignancy accounting for between 0.02% and 0.2% of all cancer deaths. Surgical removal offers the only current potential for cure. Unfortunately, ACC has undergone metastatic spread in 40% to 70% of patients at the time of diagnosis. Standard chemotherapy with mitotane is often ineffective with intolerable(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is associated with poor survival rates. The objective of the study was to analyze ACC gene expression profiling data for prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. METHODS We profiled 44 ACC and 4 normal adrenals on Affymetrix U133 Plus 2 expression microarrays. Pathway and transcriptional enrichment analysis(More)
We recently implicated a cluster of nine single nucleotide polymorphisms from seven cholesterol-related genes in the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in a European cohort, and we proposed calculating an aggregate cholesterol-related genetic score (CREGS) to characterize a person's risk. In a separate study, we found that apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional drug discovery methods have a limited role in rare cancers. We hypothesized that molecular technology including gene expression profiling could expose novel targets for therapy in adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), a rare and lethal cancer. SPARC (secreted protein acidic rich in cysteine) is an albumin-binding matrix-associated protein(More)
environment requires carefully choosing and then adapting teaching methods. This chapter describes how laptops were used, how the students responded, and what the group of participating faculty learned in the process. Although it is commonly assumed that the use of computer technology in the classroom has significant potential to benefit the educational(More)
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