Elizabeth A Schaughency

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Little research has examined the structure and prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in university students, including whether symptom structure conforms to the bidimensional (i.e., inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity) conceptualization of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMV-IV; American(More)
We investigated the effects of background anger, provocation, and methylphenidate on emotional, physiological, and behavioral responding in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with and without concurrent aggression. Our study revealed that ADHD boys showed more emotional and physiological distress when exposed to an interaction in(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine directly the extent to which ICD-10 hyperkinetic disorder and DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) identify the same children with the same difficulties. METHOD Participants were children referred for symptoms of overactivity, inattention, and impulsivity, and a normal control group. Diagnostic criteria for ICD-10(More)
This study evaluated diagnostic utility of parent and teacher ratings in the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) assessment and differential diagnosis of a clinical sample of children referred for suspected ADHD. Participants were 184 5- to 12-year-old children for whom the following were available: multimethod multi-informant assessment, firm(More)
OBJECTIVE Identify the prevalence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms in a community sample of New Zealand 3-year olds. To examine sleep, demographic, health, environmental, familial, perinatal, and behavioral adjustment factors associated with habitual snoring. METHODS A cross sectional study, in which parents of 823 children aged 3 years 0(More)
AIM The relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and poorer neurobehavioural outcomes in school-age children is well established, but the relationship in obese children and adolescents, in whom OSA is more common, is not so well established. We aimed to investigate this relationship in 10-18-year-olds. METHODS Thirty-one participants with a(More)
How does a complex syndrome that involves abnormalities in impulse control and sustained attention influence simple oculomotor responses to visual stimuli? We found that normal children, like adults, were faster in moving their eyes in directions controlled by the right cerebral hemisphere under conditions where there was no warning of the impending target.(More)
OBJECTIVE Prevalence, impact, and continuity of self-reported attention deficit disorder (ADD) symptomology from ages 15 to 18 years were examined in a longitudinal study of a New Zealand birth cohort. METHOD At age 15, prevalence of ADD symptomology was estimated, with no gender differences found in self-reported symptomology. Four adolescents (0.5%) met(More)