Elizabeth A Runquist

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Current methods for comparative quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis, the threshold and extrapolation methods, either make assumptions about PCR efficiency that require an arbitrary threshold selection process or extrapolate to estimate relative levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts. Here we describe an algorithm, Q-Anal, that blends(More)
We have examined the distribution of the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor and five acid hydrolases in early and late endosomes and a receptor-recycling fraction isolated from livers of estradiol-treated rats. Enrichment of mannose 6-phosphate receptor mass relative to that of crude liver membranes was comparable in membranes of early and late(More)
Hepatocytes rapidly internalize epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transferrin by receptor-mediated endocytosis. Both EGF and its receptor are thought to be targeted for destruction in lysosomes, leading to down-regulation of the receptor, whereas transferrin, after unloading iron within the cell, is thought to recycle to the cell surface bound to its(More)
Anaerobic digestors were fed daily with dairy cattle manure (5% total solids) augmented with 0-20 mM glucose and were monitored daily for gas volume and composition and volatile acid content. Propionate accumulated in digestors that were fed glucose at initial digestor concentrations of 10 mM or more. Digestors that received 14-20 mM glucose failed, but(More)
The utilization and conversion of glucose to volatile acids were monitored in anaerobic digestors by C-nuclear magnetic resonance. Glucose was converted to lactate and acetate. Lactate was subsequently converted to propionate. The distribution of the labeled carbons in propionate suggested that minor amounts were produced via the randomizing pathway and(More)
In earlier research we isolated and characterized three endosomal fractions from livers of estradiol-treated rats (1987. Belcher et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 84: 6785; 1989. Jäckle et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 86: 1880). We now describe the isolation of comparable endosomal fractions from untreated rats. The fraction of lowest density was(More)
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