Elizabeth A. Register

Learn More
An association between reduced susceptibility to echinocandins and changes in the 1,3-beta-d-glucan synthase (GS) subunit Fks1p was investigated. Specific mutations in fks1 genes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans mutants are described that are necessary and sufficient for reduced susceptibility to the echinocandin drug caspofungin. One(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two highly homologous genes, FKS1 and FKS2, which encode interchangeable putative catalytic subunits of 1,3-beta-glucan synthase (GS), an enzyme that synthesizes an essential polymer of the fungal cell wall. To determine if GS in Aspergillus species is similar, an FKS homolog, fksA, was cloned from Aspergillus nidulans by(More)
Pretreatment of yeast cells with lithium acetate (LiAc) and dithiothreitol (DTT) enhances the frequency of transformation by electroporation. The method shows improvements of 6-67-fold in wild-type strains derived from commonly used Saccharomyces cerevisiae genetic backgrounds. In addition, 15-300-fold improvement in transformation frequency was achieved(More)
Geranylgeranyltransferase I (GGTase I) catalyzes the transfer of a prenyl group from geranylgeranyl diphosphate to the carboxy-terminal cysteine of proteins with a motif referred to as a CaaX box (C, cysteine; a, usually aliphatic amino acid; X, usually L). The alpha and beta subunits of GGTase I from Saccharomyces cerevisiae are encoded by RAM2 and CDC43,(More)
Geranylgeranyltransferase I (GGTase I) catalyzes the post-translational transfer of lyophilic diterpenoid geranylgeranyl to the cysteine residue of proteins terminating with a CaaX motif such as Rho1p and Cdc42p. It has been shown that GGTase I activity is essential for viability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and hence its inhibition is a potential antifungal(More)
All previously characterized protein geranylgeranyltransferases I (GGTase I) are heterodimeric zinc metalloenzymes which catalyse geranylgeranylation of a cysteine residue in proteins containing a C-terminal CaaL motif (C, Cys; a, aliphatic amino acid; L, Leu). The alpha and beta subunits of GGTase I of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are encoded by RAM2 and(More)
A heterologous DNA-mediated transformation system was developed for the pneumocandin-producing fungus Z. arboricola that was based on either conferral of hygromycin B resistance or complementation of a nitrate reductase mutant. Hygromycin-resistant transformants were selected with plasmid pCSN43 which contains the E. coli hygromycin B phosphotransferase(More)
[structure: see text] Screening of natural products extracts led to the discovery of citrafungins A and B, two new fungal metabolites of the alkylcitrate family that are inhibitors of GGTase I of various pathogenic fungal species with IC(50) values of 2.5-15 microM. These compounds exhibited antifungal activities with MIC values of 0.40-55 microM. The(More)
Vertebrate opsins are divided into four major groups: RH1 (rhodopsins), RH2 (rhodopsinlike with various absorption sensitivities), SWS (short-wavelength sensitive), and LWS/MWS (long and middle-wavelength sensitive) groups. The green opsin genes (g101 Af and g101 Af ) in a Mexican characin Astyanax fasciatus belong to the LWS/MWS group, whereas those in(More)
A cDNA encoding delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (P5CR) was isolated from the pneumocandin (Pmo)-producing fungus, Zalerion arboricola (Za), by complementation of a P5CR-deficient mutant (pro3) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc). The cloned cDNA was placed under control of the Sc galactokinase (GAL1) promoter and restored P5CR activity to the pro3(More)
  • 1