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The beta A4 protein, the major component of the amyloid deposition characterizing Alzheimer's disease, derives from the amyloid protein precursor (APP), an integral membrane protein with soluble derivatives. The function of APP is unknown. Both soluble and membrane-associated human brain APP (10(-10) M) significantly increased (P less than 0.025) neurite(More)
UNLABELLED Iron and cholesterol are both essential metabolites in mammalian systems, and too much or too little of either can have serious clinical consequences. In addition, both have been associated with steatosis and its progression, contributing, inter alia, to an increase in hepatic oxidative stress. The interaction between iron and cholesterol is(More)
The effects of systemic iron overload on the brain are unclear. Microarray analysis of brain gene expression in mice following short-term iron supplementation revealed altered expression of 287 genes, although most changes were small. Transcripts for the iron storage protein ferritin light chain increased 20% (p=0.002) and transcripts for iron regulatory(More)
Western blots of normal human platelets, employing a monoclonal antibody raised against the full-length amyloid precursor protein of Alzheimer's disease (APP695), revealed major bands of 100-110 and 120-130 kDa in both cytosolic, membrane, and released fractions. These species were similar in size to forms seen in brain preparations and in plasma. There was(More)
Transplantation of cells into the CNS of human patients with neurodegenerative disorders offers a radical new approach to the treatment of previously incurable diseases. Considerable success has been achieved in Parkinson's disease following transplantation of human fetal dopaminergic neurons. Disorders of myelination of the brain, of either inherited or(More)
The present investigation aimed to examine associations of anaemia with dementia. Analysis of community-dwelling, elderly subjects characterized for different dementias failed to confirm a previously reported association of anaemia with Alzheimer's disease (AD) but revealed instead a significant association with vascular dementia (VAD). Nearly 45% of VAD(More)
This aim of the present study was to identify whether apoptotic features relate to the degree of cortical neuronal loss in cases with variable cortical degeneration. Neuronal apoptosis was assessed using histochemical and morphological criteria in cases with Alzheimer's disease (AD, n=7) or Lewy bodies (n= 11) compared with controls (n=11). AD cases had(More)
Studies of iron overload in humans and animals suggest that brain iron concentrations may be related in a regionally specific way to body iron status. However, few quantitative studies have investigated the associations between peripheral and regional brain iron in a normal elderly cohort. To examine these relationships, we used MRI to measure the proton(More)
Iron is essential in the brain, yet too much iron can be toxic. Tight regulation of iron in the brain may involve intrinsic mechanisms that control internal homeostasis independent of systemic iron status. Iron abnormalities occur in various neurological disorders, usually with symptoms or neuropathology associated with movement impairment or behavioral(More)
BACKGROUND Recent Alzheimer's disease (AD) research has focused on finding biomarkers to identify disease at the pre-clinical stage of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), allowing treatment to be initiated before irreversible damage occurs. Many studies have examined brain imaging or cerebrospinal fluid but there is also growing interest in blood biomarkers.(More)