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The beta A4 protein, the major component of the amyloid deposition characterizing Alzheimer's disease, derives from the amyloid protein precursor (APP), an integral membrane protein with soluble derivatives. The function of APP is unknown. Both soluble and membrane-associated human brain APP (10(-10) M) significantly increased (P less than 0.025) neurite(More)
BACKGROUND Recent Alzheimer's disease (AD) research has focused on finding biomarkers to identify disease at the pre-clinical stage of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), allowing treatment to be initiated before irreversible damage occurs. Many studies have examined brain imaging or cerebrospinal fluid but there is also growing interest in blood biomarkers.(More)
Preoligodendrocytes have been described in cultures and tissue prints of adult human white matter (Armstrong et al., 1992). To characterize further these precursors of human oligodendrocytes, we have investigated whether they express genes playing a critical role in oligodendrocyte development. In the intact human brain, platelet-derived growth factor(More)
Western blots of normal human platelets, employing a monoclonal antibody raised against the full-length amyloid precursor protein of Alzheimer's disease (APP695), revealed major bands of 100-110 and 120-130 kDa in both cytosolic, membrane, and released fractions. These species were similar in size to forms seen in brain preparations and in plasma. There was(More)
This aim of the present study was to identify whether apoptotic features relate to the degree of cortical neuronal loss in cases with variable cortical degeneration. Neuronal apoptosis was assessed using histochemical and morphological criteria in cases with Alzheimer's disease (AD, n=7) or Lewy bodies (n=11) compared with controls (n=11). AD cases had both(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare proteins related to Alzheimer disease (AD) in the frontal cortex and cerebellum of subjects with early-onset AD (EOAD) with or without presenilin 1 (PS1) mutations with sporadic late-onset AD (LOAD) and nondemented control subjects. METHODS Immunohistochemistry, immunoblot analysis, and ELISA were used to detect and assess protein(More)
UNLABELLED Iron and cholesterol are both essential metabolites in mammalian systems, and too much or too little of either can have serious clinical consequences. In addition, both have been associated with steatosis and its progression, contributing, inter alia, to an increase in hepatic oxidative stress. The interaction between iron and cholesterol is(More)
The effects of systemic iron overload on the brain are unclear. Microarray analysis of brain gene expression in mice following short-term iron supplementation revealed altered expression of 287 genes, although most changes were small. Transcripts for the iron storage protein ferritin light chain increased 20% (p=0.002) and transcripts for iron regulatory(More)
Transplantation of cells into the CNS of human patients with neurodegenerative disorders offers a radical new approach to the treatment of previously incurable diseases. Considerable success has been achieved in Parkinson's disease following transplantation of human fetal dopaminergic neurons. Disorders of myelination of the brain, of either inherited or(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is characterized by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes; however, variation in disease expression suggests that there are potential modifying factors. Polymorphisms of the HFE gene, which cause the iron overload disorder hereditary haemochromatosis, have been proposed as potential risk factors(More)