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Oocytes secrete factors that control cumulus and granulosa functions, including cumulus expansion and steroid hormone production. Some members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) superfamily influence these activities, yet it is still not determined conclusively whether any of these superfamily members are the previously reported(More)
Mouse oocytes secrete a factor(s) that inhibits progesterone and enhances estradiol production by granulosa cells. This study determined the ability of mouse oocytes to secrete this steroid-regulating factor during oocyte growth and the ability of granulosa cells to respond to the factor during follicular development. Oocyte-granulosa cell complexes from(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer is thought to be derived from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) but often goes undetected in the early stages, and as a result, the factors that contribute to its initiation and progression remain poorly understood. Epidemiological studies have suggested that the female steroid hormones are involved in ovarian carcinogenesis and(More)
The c-KIT protooncogene encodes a tyrosine kinase receptor, KIT, that is expressed in many normal and cancerous tissues. In this study, we have examined the expression of c-KIT and its ligand, stem cell factor (SCF), in human epithelial ovarian tumors, in normal ovaries and in cultured ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). Cultured cells, normal tissues and(More)
The role of alternative splicing of the FSH receptor gene in the generation of FSH receptor proteins and testicular function remains an enigma. To address this issue, this investigation was conducted to determine variations in the expression of alternate FSH receptor mRNA transcripts in relation to changes in FSH release, hormone binding activity and(More)
During the molecular cloning of the ovine testicular follicle-stimulating (FSH) receptor that couples to the Gs-type effector systems, we discovered novel cDNA clones that were highly homologous. Some of these clones contained an insert of 1,584 bp, which consisted of a divergent 3' region spliced with a 5' region that was identical to nucleotides(More)
Improving screening and treatment options for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer has been a major challenge in cancer research. Development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, particularly for the most common subtype, high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC), has been hampered by controversies over the origin of the disease and a lack of(More)
OBJECTIVE The ovarian-specific promoter, OSP-1, which was cloned from the transcript of a rat retrovirus-like element specifically expressed in ovarian tissue, was tested for its ability to drive ovary-specific transcription in transgenic mice. METHODS Transgenic mice were generated with the lacZ reporter gene (OSP-lacZ) or the early region of SV40 virus(More)
The molecular basis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) dissemination is still poorly understood. Previously, we identified the mannose receptor LY75 gene as hypomethylated in high-grade (HG) serous EOC tumors, compared to normal ovarian tissues. LY75 represents endocytic receptor expressed on dendritic cells and so far, has been primarily studied for its(More)
Previously, we have identified the branched chain amino-acid transaminase 1 (BCAT1) gene as notably hypomethylated in low-malignant potential (LMP) and high-grade (HG) serous epithelial ovarian tumors, compared to normal ovarian tissues. Here we show that BCAT1 is strongly overexpressed in both LMP and HG serous epithelial ovarian tumors, which probably(More)