Elizabeth A. Lunney

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Most gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) exhibit aberrant activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) KIT. The efficacy of the inhibitors imatinib mesylate and sunitinib malate in GIST patients has been linked to their inhibition of these mutant KIT proteins. However, patients on imatinib can acquire secondary KIT mutations that render the protein(More)
Overactivation of calcium-activated neutral protease (calpain) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several degenerative conditions, including stroke, myocardial ischemia, neuromuscular degeneration, and cataract formation. Alpha-mercaptoacrylate derivatives (exemplified by PD150606), with potent and selective inhibitory actions against calpain,(More)
Human cancer is caused by the accumulation of tumor-specific mutations in oncogenes and tumor suppressors that confer a selective growth advantage to cells. As a consequence of genomic instability and high levels of proliferation, many passenger mutations that do not contribute to the cancer phenotype arise alongside mutations that drive oncogenesis. While(More)
The system L transporter is generally considered to be one of the major Na(+)-independent carriers for large neutral alpha-amino acids in mammalian cells. However, we found that cultured astrocytes from rat brain cortex accumulate gabapentin, a gamma-amino acid, predominately by this alpha-amino acid transport system. Uptake of gabapentin by system L(More)
Metallothionein (MT) has provided nature with a small molecule which exhibits multiple facets. The distinct arrangement of cysteine residues which occurs within the two domains of MT confers predisposed metal specificity upon each domain. Furthermore, subtle changes in primary sequence may be built onto the metal cluster scaffold. These not only bestow(More)
Several small peptides related to neurotensin (NT) and tuftsin were synthesized and tested for analgesic activity against acetic acid induced writhing in mice. None of the peptides approached the activity shown by NT or NT hexapeptide. Tuftsin itself was found to be weakly active. An isosteric dipeptide related to a cobra venom peptide was found to have(More)
Designing small-molecule kinase inhibitors with desirable selectivity profiles is a major challenge in drug discovery. A high-throughput screen for inhibitors of a given kinase will typically yield many compounds that inhibit more than one kinase. A series of chemical modifications are usually required before a compound exhibits an acceptable selectivity(More)
The crystal structures of endothiapepsin, a fungal aspartic proteinase (EC, cocrystallized with two oligopeptide renin inhibitors, PD125967 and PD125754, have been determined at 2.0-A resolution and refined to R-factors of 0.143 and 0.153, respectively. These inhibitors, which are of the hydroxyethylene and statine types, respectively, possess a(More)
The 4-hydroxy-5,6-dihydropyrone template was utilized as a flexible scaffolding from which to build potent active site inhibitors of HIV protease. Dihydropyrone 1c (5,6-dihydro-4-hydroxy-6-phenyl-3-[(2-phenylethyl)thio]-2H-pyran-2-one) was modeled in the active site of HIV protease utilizing a similar binding mode found for the previously reported(More)
HIV-1 protease has been identified as a significant target enzyme in AIDS research. While numerous peptide-derived inhibitors have been described, the identification of a nonpeptide inhibitor remains an important goal. Using an HIV-1 protease mass screening technique, 4-hydroxy-3-(3-phenoxypropyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one (1) was identified as a nonpeptide(More)