Elizabeth A Fink

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FIV is a significant pathogen in the cat and is, in addition, the smallest available natural model for the study of lentivirus infections. Although divergent at the amino acid level, the cat lentivirus has an abundance of structural and pathophysiological commonalities with HIV and thus serves well as a model for development of intervention strategies(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is shared by primary and laboratory-adapted strains of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) for viral entry. Our previous studies implicated a contiguous nine-amino-acid region of the V3 loop of the FIV envelope surface as important in CXCR4 binding and virus entry. The binding is specific for CXCR4 since it can be inhibited by(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) act as binding receptors or attachment factors for the viral envelope of many viruses, including strains of HIV and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). The FIV gp95 glycoprotein (SU) from laboratory-adapted strains (tissue culture adapted [TCA]) such as FIV-34TF10 can bind to HSPG, whereas SU from field strains (FS)(More)
We analyzed antibody responses in sera from feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-infected and uninfected cats. A strong antiviral response to the viral surface glycoprotein (SU) was noted in both natural and experimental infections. In addition, 143 of 226 FIV-infected animals (63%) also expressed antibodies to the primary binding receptor, CD134, whereas(More)
Similar to HIV, FIV uses a two-receptor mechanism to infect CD4(+) T cells, the primary target cells in the cat. The T cell activation marker, CD134, serves as a primary binding receptor similar to the role of CD4 for HIV and facilitates interaction with the entry receptor, CXCR4. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) can also act as binding receptors for(More)
Unilateral clipping of cerebral arteries in eight dogs reduced regional cortical blood flow (rCoBF) without altering cardiac output (CO) or intracranial pressure (ICP) and resulted in 10% hemispheric infarction. In ten dogs, total blood volume (TBV), CO, rCoBF in the region of the occluded artery, and ICP increased while the hematocrit (Hct) decreased(More)
Mice were exposed to lead acetate (0.5%) pre- and postnatally, and activity levels were assessed at 21 days of age. Two measures of open field activity were employed at two different times of day across three doses of d-amphetamine. These factors influence the results observed in lead exposed mice and demonstrate that lead's effects on activity are not(More)
Cerebrovascular and cardiac alterations evoked by intravascular volume expansion with low molecular weight dextran (LMD, molecular weight 40,000), an advocated adjunct in the clinical prevention or therapy of acute stroke and cerebral vasospasm, were studied in splenectomized dogs. Clipping of the right distal internal carotid artery and the proximal middle(More)
The efficacy of pentobarbital in the treatment of ischemic cerebral edema was evaluated in 160 gerbils. Animals underwent carotid ligation under ether or pentobarbital (50 mg/kg) anesthesia. The pentobarbital anesthetized group received an additional dose of 30 mg/kg 4 h after ligation. Animals were evaluated for neurologic deficit at 4 and 8 h(More)
Ninety-three mongrel dogs underwent intracranial carotid and middle cerebral artery occlusions. They were then randomized into four groups: 1) the untreated control group (no surgical or medical therapy) showed significant neurological deficit, 16% mortality, and 17% mean hemisphere infarction; 2) in the bypass group (superficial temporal to middle cerebral(More)