Elizabeth A Capper

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Entry into mitosis by mammalian cells is triggered by the activation of the cdc2/cyclin B holoenzyme. This is accomplished by the specific dephosphorylation of key residues by the cdc25C phosphatase. The polo-like kinases are a family of serine/threonine kinases which are also implicated in the control of mitotic events, but their exact regulatory mechanism(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1), fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), and their homologues are secreted factors that share a common beta-barrel structure and act on target cells by binding to cell surface receptors with immunoglobulin-like folds in their extracellular domain. While numerous members of the FGF family have been discovered, the IL-1 family has remained(More)
Activation of lymphocytes induces blastogenesis and cell division which is accompanied by membrane lipid metabolism such as increased fatty acid turnover. To date little is known about the enzymatic mechanism(s) regulating this process. Release of fatty acids such as arachidonic acid requires sn-2-deacylation catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as(More)
Marine natural products provide a rich source of chemical diversity that can be used to design and develop new, potentially useful therapeutic agents. We report here that scytonemin, a pigment isolated from cyanobacteria, is the first described small molecule inhibitor of human polo-like kinase, a serine/threonine kinase that plays an integral role in(More)
Chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with the persistent production of proinflammatory mediators and tissue hyperplasia. Protein kinases play an important role in regulating the signaling events controlling mediator release and cell proliferation. For instance, in in vivo models, the tumor promoter, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), is used as an(More)
OBJECTIVE Neointimal development following balloon angioplasty involves many factors including smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. Further, in hypercholesterolemic (HC) conditions, there is an influx of macrophage foam cells (FCs) into the restenotic lesion, which also involves degradation of the(More)
Tranilast (SB 252218) is a compound initially identified as an anti-atopic agent. Recently the compound has demonstrated clear beneficial effects in animal models of restenosis. Here we confirm tranilast has broad and profound effects on human monocytes, which could contribute to the vascular antifibrotic activity. Tranilast exhibited significant(More)
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