Elizabeth A. Bowles

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In skeletal muscle, oxygen (O(2)) delivery to appropriately meet metabolic need requires mechanisms for detection of the magnitude of O(2) demand and the regulation of O(2) delivery. Erythrocytes, when exposed to a decrease in O(2) tension, release both O(2) and the vasodilator adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The aims of this study were to establish that(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release from rabbit erythrocytes occurs in response to deformation or reduced oxygen tension. A signal transduction pathway that relates these stimuli to ATP release has been proposed. This pathway includes the heterotrimeric G proteins, Gs and Gi, adenylyl cyclase, protein kinase A, and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane(More)
BACKGROUND Within erythrocytes (RBCs), cAMP levels are regulated by phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Increases in cAMP and ATP release associated with activation of β-adrenergic receptors (βARs) and prostacyclin receptors (IPRs) are regulated by PDEs 2, 4 and PDE 3, respectively. Here we establish the presence of cytosolic PDEs in RBCs and determine a role for(More)
ATP-gated P2X7 receptors are prominently expressed in inflammatory cells and play a key role in the immune response. A major consequence of receptor activation is the regulated influx of Ca(2+) through the self-contained cation non-selective channel. Although the physiological importance of the resulting rise in intracellular Ca(2+) is universally(More)
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