Elizabeth A. Bowles

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In skeletal muscle, oxygen (O(2)) delivery to appropriately meet metabolic need requires mechanisms for detection of the magnitude of O(2) demand and the regulation of O(2) delivery. Erythrocytes, when exposed to a decrease in O(2) tension, release both O(2) and the vasodilator adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The aims of this study were to establish that(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release from rabbit erythrocytes occurs in response to deformation or reduced oxygen tension. A signal transduction pathway that relates these stimuli to ATP release has been proposed. This pathway includes the heterotrimeric G proteins, Gs and Gi, adenylyl cyclase, protein kinase A, and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane(More)
Increases in the second messenger cAMP are associated with receptor-mediated ATP release from erythrocytes. In other signaling pathways, cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs) hydrolyze this second messenger and thereby limit its biological actions. Although rabbit and human erythrocytes possess adenylyl cyclase and synthesize cAMP, their PDE activity is(More)
Erythrocytes have been implicated as controllers of vascular caliber by virtue of their ability to release the vasodilator ATP in response to local physiological and pharmacological stimuli. The regulated release of ATP from erythrocytes requires activation of a signaling pathway involving G proteins (G(i) or G(s)), adenylyl cyclase, protein kinase A, and(More)
BACKGROUND Within erythrocytes (RBCs), cAMP levels are regulated by phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Increases in cAMP and ATP release associated with activation of β-adrenergic receptors (βARs) and prostacyclin receptors (IPRs) are regulated by PDEs 2, 4 and PDE 3, respectively. Here we establish the presence of cytosolic PDEs in RBCs and determine a role for(More)
The circulating erythrocyte, by virtue of the regulated release of ATP in response to reduced oxygen (O2) tension, plays a key role in maintaining appropriate perfusion distribution to meet tissue needs. Erythrocytes from individuals with Type 2 diabetes (DM2) fail to release ATP in response to this stimulus. However, the administration of C-peptide and(More)
ATP-gated P2X7 receptors are prominently expressed in inflammatory cells and play a key role in the immune response. A major consequence of receptor activation is the regulated influx of Ca(2+) through the self-contained cation non-selective channel. Although the physiological importance of the resulting rise in intracellular Ca(2+) is universally(More)
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