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The design of antisense oligonucleotides containing locked nucleic acids (LNA) was optimized and compared to intensively studied DNA oligonucleotides, phosphorothioates and 2'-O-methyl gapmers. In contradiction to the literature, a stretch of seven or eight DNA monomers in the center of a chimeric DNA/LNA oligonucleotide is necessary for full activation of(More)
Locked nucleic acids (LNAs) and double-stranded small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are rather new promising antisense molecules for cell culture and in vivo applications. Here, we compare LNA-DNA-LNA gapmer oligonucleotides and siRNAs with a phosphorothioate and a chimeric 2'-O-methyl RNA-DNA gapmer with respect to their capacities to knock down the expression(More)
Tenascin-C is a multidomain large extracellular matrix glycoprotein composed of six monomers. The size of tenascin-C monomers (180-250 kDa) varies as a result of an alternative splicing of the fibronectin repeats at the pre-mRNA level. For the first time we applied bioinformatic and molecular modeling procedures, for detailed analysis of the organization of(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is a common disease of the cardiovascular system and one of the main causes of mortality in the world. Its etiopathogenesis and molecular mechanisms are unknown. Epigenetic changes may play a role in its development. Therefore the level of 5-methylcytosine (5mC), a well-known epigenetic marker, was analyzed in DNA from the blood of(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common type of malignant gliomas, characterized by genetic instability, intratumoral histopathological variability and unpredictable clinical behavior. Disappointing results in the treatment of gliomas with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy have fuelled a search for new treatment modalities. Malignant gliomas(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) accounts for approximately 12-15% of intracranial neoplasms. The GBM remains refractory to therapy because of tumor heterogeneity, local invasion, and non-uniform vascular permeability to drugs. Patients with GBM have the median survival of approximately 8-10 months, and for those cases where tumor recurs, the average time of(More)
The hepatitis delta virus (HDV) ribozyme is an RNA enzyme that catalyzes the site-specific trans-esterification reaction. Using high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) technique we showed that HDV ribozyme catalyzes the reaction of RNA cleavage in the absence of magnesium ions according to mechanism of acidic hydrolysis of esters. HHP induces changes of water(More)
This paper reports that the D-loop sequence of cellular mammalian ribosomal 5S RNAs is a natural leadzyme that specifically binds and cleaves in trans other RNA molecules in the presence of lead. The D-loops of these 5S rRNAs are similar in sequence to the active site of the leadzyme derived from tRNA(Phe), which cleaves a single bond in cis. We have(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common form of malignant glioma, characterized by genetic instability, intratumoral histopathological variability, and unpredictable clinical behavior. Malignant gliomas express preferentially a number of surface markers that may be exploited as therapeutic targets, such as tenascin-C, an extracellular matrix(More)
Lead is one of the most dangerous toxic agents for all living organisms. In humans, elevated levels of lead have been linked to a number of disorders for which various molecular mechanisms have been proposed. However, none of them has been fully understood. It has also been known for several years that at micromolar concentrations lead can bind a unique RNA(More)