Elitza S. Theel

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BACKGROUND Lyme borreliosis is the most common tick-borne disease in the northern hemisphere. It is a multisystem disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato genospecies and characterised by tissue localisation and low spirochaetaemia. In this study we aimed to describe a novel Borrelia species causing Lyme borreliosis in the USA. METHODS At the(More)
Invasive fungal infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who receive immunosuppressive therapy, such as solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. Many of the fungi associated with these infections are angioinvasive and are best diagnosed by visualizing the organism in or culturing the organism(More)
Due to the limited sensitivities of stool-based microscopy and/or culture techniques for Strongyloides stercoralis, the detection of antibodies to this intestinal nematode is relied upon as a surrogate for determining exposure status or making a diagnosis of S. stercoralis infection. Here, we evaluated three immunoassays, including the recently released(More)
An Ehrlichia muris-like (EML) pathogen was detected among 4 patients in Minnesota and Wisconsin during 2009. We characterized additional cases clinically and epidemiologically. During 2004-2013, blood samples from 75,077 patients from all 50 United States were tested by PCR from the groEL gene for Ehrlichia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. During(More)
The incidence of invasive fungal infections (IFI) has increased in recent years, especially among immunocompromised hosts (ICH). In 2003, the Fungitell® assay received FDA clearance for the presumptive diagnosis of IFI using serum and detects (1-3)-β-d-glucan, which is a major cell wall component of certain fungi (e.g., Candida, Aspergillus, and(More)
We describe a retrospective analysis of Brucella enzyme immunoassay (EIA) IgM and IgG results compared to those of the standard tube agglutination test (SAT). Among 1,091 samples tested, 104 (9.5%) and 24 (2.2%) sera were positive by IgM and IgG EIA, respectively. Supplemental testing by SAT showed that 82.7% (86/104) of IgM EIA-reactive samples and 54.2%(More)
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a multisystem disease caused by spirochetes in the Borrelia burgdorferisensu lato (Bbsl) genospecies complex. We previously described a novel Bbsl genospecies (type strain MN14-1420T) that causes LB among patients with exposures to ticks in the upper midwestern USA. Patients infected with the novel Bbsl genospecies demonstrated(More)
Detection of Histoplasma capsulatum urinary antigen (UAg) is important for the initial diagnosis of infection and for monitoring of patient responses to antifungal therapy. This study evaluated an analyte-specific reagent (ASR) enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for the detection of H. capsulatum UAg from Immuno Mycologics, Inc. (IMMY) (Norman, OK) in comparison with(More)
Histoplasma urine antigen (UAg) detection is an important biomarker for histoplasmosis. The clinical significance of low-positive (<0.6 ng/ml) UAg results was evaluated in 25 patients without evidence of prior Histoplasma infection. UAg results from 12/25 (48%) patients were considered falsely positive, suggesting that low-positive UAg values should be(More)
Detection of the Histoplasma capsulatum urinary antigen (UAg) is among the most sensitive and rapid means to diagnose histoplasmosis. Previously, we evaluated analyte-specific reagents (ASR) manufactured by IMMY (Norman, OK) for detection of Histoplasma galactomannan (GM) in urine using an enzyme immunoassay (EIA), and we showed low positive agreement(More)