Elitsa Encheva

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Glial brain tumours with their poor prognosis, limited treatment modalities and unclear detailed pathophysiology represent a significant health concern. The purpose of the current study was to investigate and describe the possible role of the human polyomavirus JC as an underlying cancerogenic or co-cancerogenic factor in the complex processes of glial(More)
The aim of this study was to collect, describe and analyze the radiation-induced gliomas in craniopharyngioma patients reported in the literature up to date. Review of the relevant literature was performed. One personal illustrative case was added. Reports of 15 patients, including the presented illustrative case, were evaluated. The average age of the(More)
In the last 20 years, endorectal ultrasound (ERUS) has been one of the main diagnostic methods for locoregional staging of rectal cancer. ERUS is accurate modality for evaluating local invasion of rectal carcinoma into the rectal wall layers (T category). Adding the three-dimensional modality (3-D) increases the capabilities of this diagnostic tool in(More)
BACKGROUND Pelvic organs morbidity after irradiation of cancer patients remains a major problem although new technologies have been developed and implemented. A relatively simple and suitable method for routine clinical practice is needed for preliminary assessment of normal tissue intrinsic radiosensitivity. The micronucleus test (MNT) determines the(More)
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide with one million new casesyearly and the second most frequent cause of cancer death. Although surgery is the leading treatment modality of gastric cancer the survival remains low (5- year survival is reported to be 25% in Europe and 60% in the Eastern world). The risk of locoregional recurrence grows(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus represent more than 90% of all cases of esophageal carcinoma. Although the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma has decreased, a continues increase in the incidence of adenocarcinoma has been observed, due to the increasing rate of obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Treatment of carcinoma(More)
Major hepatectomy causes a risk of postoperative liver dysfunction, failure, and infections like surgical site infection. Preoperative assessment of the liver volume and function of the remnant liver is a mandatory prerequisite before performing such surgery. The aim of this work is to develop and test a software application for evaluation of the residual(More)
Thyroid nodules are encountered in clinical practice during the diagnostic procedures or patients' follow-up due to other diseases quite far from the thyroid gland with prevalence 4-50% in general population, depending on age, diagnostic method and race. The prevalence of thyroid nodules increases with age and their clarification should be done for their(More)
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