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There are few reliable measures of place with which to study the effects of socio-economic context on health. We report on the development and inter-rater reliability of a 27-item observer-rated built environment site survey checklist (BESSC). Across eleven 'housing areas' (defined as areas of homogeneity in housing form) and two raters, kappa coefficients(More)
AIM To investigate 'ageing in place' in terms of house, locality and support, related to the Western Australia members of National Seniors Australia. METHODS A postal survey of 6859 members, followed by structured interviews with a subsample of respondents. RESULTS A similar proportion of respondents (nearly 30%) had either moved house recently or not(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise programs to reduce falls in older people with dementia who are living in the community. METHOD Peer-reviewed articles (randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and quasi-experimental trials) published in English between January 2000 and February(More)
The 3 study objectives were to compare the activity levels of older people who had received a restorative home care service with those of people who had received "usual" home care, explore the predictors of physical activity in these 2 groups, and determine whether either group met the minimum recommended activity levels for their age group. A questionnaire(More)
There is considerable diversity in the types of exercise programs investigated to reduce falls in older people. The purpose of this paper was to review the effectiveness of individualized (tailored) home-based exercise programs in reducing falls and improving physical performance among older people living in the community. A systematic review and(More)
Participation rates of older people in resistance training (RT) are low despite increasing research showing many health benefits. To increase the number of older people participating in RT it is important to know what would motivate people to become involved, what motivates those who participate to continue, and the factors preventing many older people from(More)
Regular participation in resistance training is important for older people to maintain their health and independence, yet participation rates are low. The study aimed to identify motivators and barriers to older people participating in resistance training. A systematic review was conducted including quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method studies.(More)
BACKGROUND Restorative home care services help older people maximise their independence using a multi-dimensional approach. They usually include an exercise program designed to improve the older person's strength, balance and function. The types of programs currently offered require allocation of time during the day to complete specific exercises. This is(More)
BACKGROUND Restorative home care services are short-term and aimed at maximizing a person's ability to live independently. They are multidimensional and often include an exercise program to improve strength, mobility, and balance. The aim of this study was to determine whether a lifestyle exercise program would be undertaken more often and result in greater(More)