Elisha Waldman

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Leishmania donovani is an obligatory intracellular parasite which cycles between the midgut of sand flies (extracellular promastigote) and the phagolysosomes of mammalian macrophages (intracellular amastigote). Promastigotes have been readily cultured, whereas axenic cultures of amastigotes have only recently been developed. A new method for in vitro(More)
The standard treatment of human visceral leishmaniasis involves the use of pentavalent antimony (SbV) compounds. In recent years increasing numbers of clinical failures of treatment with SbV have been reported, probably due to the development of parasite resistance to this compound. The mode of action and mechanisms of resistance to SbV have not been fully(More)
The alpha4beta7 integrin plays a central role in the homing of T cells to the gut. We hypothesized that absence of the beta7 subunit would result in a reduction of intestinal graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and an improvement in overall GVHD morbidity and mortality in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Analysis of alloreactive(More)
A recent issue of Bone Marrow Transplantation included the results of a clinical trial from Minnesota of 15 pediatric patients who were transplanted with umbilical cord blood in combination with pre-expanded MSCs in an attempt to accelerate hematopoietic recovery. According to our present understanding, MSCs, osteoblasts and other stromal cells, including(More)
An axenic amastigote culture system was utilized to directly assess the stage-specific antileishmanial effects of antimony on amastigotes of Leishmania donovani devoid of the macrophage host cell. Pentostam, which contains antimony in the form of sodium stibogluconate and the preservative chlorocresol, was used. Cell density was quantified by measuring the(More)
Over the past two decades, paediatric palliative care has emerged as both a primary approach and as its own medical subspecialty, the overall aim of which is to ease suffering for children with life-threatening illness and their families through a concurrent model of care. However, most discussions have been focused on the transition to palliative care when(More)
Children with Down syndrome (DS) have a unique form of acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMKL) characterized by the presence of mutations in the GATA1 gene leading to increased chemosensitivity and a favorable outcome. We describe an 8-month-old male with DS who was diagnosed with AMKL without a mutation in the GATA1 gene. The patient was treated according to(More)
Infants with 4s neuroblastoma (NB) and massive hepatomegaly have a guarded prognosis and mortality approaches 30%. We report on eight patients with 4s NB and massive hepatomegaly treated with multiple modalities. One patient had spontaneous tumor regression. Three patients had progressive disease and responded to chemotherapy. Four patients progressed(More)
BACKGROUND In osteosarcoma the histological response, measured by the percentage of tumor necrosis, constitutes one of the most significant predictive factors, with better survival in patients whose tumor necrosis is > or = 90%. OBJECTIVES To determine if the decrease rate of serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) levels during the first month of neoadjuvant(More)