Elisha M. Hall

Learn More
This cross-sectional study investigates the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence in a randomly selected, representative sample of 13,779 Swedish male and female workers. It was found that self-reported psychological job demands, work control, and co-worker social support combined greater then(More)
This study investigates the relative distribution of home responsibilities and psychosocial work environment characteristics and their associations with psychosomatic strain in a random sample of the female and male working population of Sweden (N = 12,772). Occupational variables investigated were psychological and physical demands, job control, social(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the effect of cumulative exposure to work organization--psychological demands, work control, and social support on prospectively measured cardiovascular disease mortality risk. METHODS The source population was a national sample of 12517 subjects selected from the Swedish male population by Statistics Sweden in annual(More)
This study examined the impact of psychosocial work organization on cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and the nine-year cumulative mortality incidence for a random sample of the male Swedish working population (N = 7219). A multiplicative measure was constructed to model the combined effects of psychological job demands, work-related social support and(More)
This study examines the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and cross-sectional job dissatisfaction and prospective psychiatric distress in a cohort of Hopkins Medical School graduates in midcareer. An instrument was constructed consisting of five scales: psychological job demands, patient demands, work control, physician resources, and(More)
There is little research which has investigated whether working life may affect health behaviors. However, there is data suggesting that smoking as well as leisure activities are affected during times of stress. Both theoretical work and research suggests that work may socialize people such that the use of leisure time for active pursuits, including(More)
Within the field of occupational stress research the theoretical orientation, the research instruments, and the populations studied have largely been standardized on and restricted to male subjects. This article discusses the threats that single-sex studies pose to the valid assessment of the health effects of working life. Following this critique, an(More)
Two groups of Swedish women--51 employed and 96 unemployed--were compared in terms of their scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). It was hypothesized that unemployed women would be more depressed than their employed counterparts and further that the distress of unemployment would be reflected in elevations in cortisol values among those who were(More)
Despite the many investigations of male workers, little is known about cardiovascular risk attributable to occupational class or occupational exposures among women. Results from a previous investigation suggest that the relationship between these factors may be different in women, for whom lack of workplace social support may be important in cardiovascular(More)
The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is a widely used theory for nutrition education programming. Better understanding the relationships between knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior among children of various income levels can help to form and improve nutrition programs, particularly for socioeconomically disadvantaged youth. The purpose of this study was to(More)