Elisha B King

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It has been widely believed that drug entry from the middle ear into perilymph occurs primarily via the round window (RW) membrane. Entry into scala vestibuli (SV) was thought to be dominated by local, inter-scala communication between scala tympani (ST) and SV through permeable tissues such as the spiral ligament. In the present study, the distribution of(More)
Although intratympanic (IT) administration of drugs has gained wide clinical acceptance, the distribution of drugs in the inner ear following IT administration is not well established. Gadolinium (Gd) has been previously used as a marker in conjunction with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualize distribution in inner ear fluids in a qualitative(More)
Clinically, gentamicin has been used extensively to treat the debilitating symptoms of Mèniére's disease and is well known for its vestibulotoxic properties. Until recently, it was widely accepted that the round window membrane (RWM) was the primary entry route into the inner ear following intratympanic drug administration. In the current study, gentamicin(More)
Locally applied drugs can protect residual hearing following cochlear implantation. The influence of cochlear implantation on drug levels in the scala tympani (ST) after round window application was investigated in guinea pigs using the marker trimethylphenylammonium (TMPA) measured in real time with TMPA-selective microelectrodes. TMPA concentration in the(More)
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