26Ana Navas-Acien
10Ellen K. Silbergeld
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Exposure to metals may promote atherosclerosis. Blood cadmium and lead were associated with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). In the present study we evaluated the association between urinary levels of cadmium, lead, barium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, antimony, thallium, and(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental exposure to arsenic has been linked to hypertension in persons living in arsenic-endemic areas. OBJECTIVE We summarized published epidemiologic studies concerning arsenic exposure and hypertension or blood pressure (BP) measurements to evaluate the potential relationship. DATA SOURCES AND EXTRACTION We searched PubMed, Embase,(More)
BACKGROUND Cadmium exposure has been associated with increased all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular disease mortality. However, studies investigating this association have included participants with considerably higher levels of cadmium than those found in the general population. OBJECTIVE We aimed to evaluate the association of creatinine-corrected(More)
BACKGROUND Public health policies such as tobacco control, air pollution reduction, and hazardous waste remediation may have reduced cadmium exposure among U.S. adults. However, trends in urine cadmium, a marker of cumulative cadmium exposure, have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES We estimated the trends in urine cadmium concentrations in U.S. adults using(More)
OBJECTIVE This systematic review evaluates the evidence on the association between lead exposure and cardiovascular end points in human populations. METHODS We reviewed all observational studies from database searches and citations regarding lead and cardiovascular end points. RESULTS A positive association of lead exposure with blood pressure has been(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with diverse health risks, but the role of body weight as a risk factor for death remains controversial. METHODS We examined the association between body weight and the risk of death in a 12-year prospective cohort study of 1,213,829 Koreans between the ages of 30 and 95 years. We examined 82,372 deaths from any cause and(More)
Chronic arsenic exposure has been suggested to contribute to diabetes development. We performed a systematic review of the experimental and epidemiologic evidence on the association of arsenic and type 2 diabetes. We identified 19 in vitro studies of arsenic and glucose metabolism. Five studies reported that arsenic interfered with transcription factors(More)
INTRODUCTION Cadmium induces hypertension in animal models. Epidemiologic studies of cadmium exposure and hypertension, however, have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the association of blood and urine cadmium with blood pressure levels and with the prevalence of hypertension in U.S. adults who participated in the 1999-2004 National(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence suggests that high selenium levels are associated with diabetes and other cardiometabolic risk factors. OBJECTIVES We evaluated the association of serum selenium concentrations with fasting plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin levels, and diabetes in the most recently available representative sample of the U.S.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and all cause and cause specific mortality in a representative sample of the US general population. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING US Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III: 1988-94) with follow-up of mortality to 2006. PARTICIPANTS(More)