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BACKGROUND & AIMS Whereas it has conclusively been demonstrated that biallelic MutY human homolog (MYH) mutations confer a significant risk for colorectal cancer (CRC), the influence of monoallelic mutations remains controversial. Characterization of MYH-associated CRC is critical to identify individuals who might benefit from preventive strategies. This(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal tumors caused by failure of the DNA mismatch repair system commonly show microsatellite instability. Our goals were to compare the performance of two panels of markers (a panel previously recommended by the National Cancer Institute [NCI] and a pentaplex of mononucleotide repeats) and to devise the simplest diagnostic strategy for(More)
PURPOSE Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is the commonest form of inherited colorectal cancer. Whereas it has been known that mismatch repair gene mutations are the underlying cause of HNPCC, an undetermined number of patients do not have these alterations. The main objectives of this study were to assess the relevance of clinically defined(More)
AIMS The aim of this study is to evaluate if mismatch repair (MMR) defective colorectal cancer has a different response to adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy in a cohort of patients prospectively followed during 5 years. METHODS The cohort included 754 surgically treated patients with colorectal cancer. MMR status was diagnosed by MLH1 and MSH2(More)
Several studies have suggested that the n-3 fatty acids Docosahexaenoic (DHA) and Eicosapentaenoic (EPA) have an important protective effect on colorectal cancer, and this could be at least partly due to their proapoptotic activity. It is unclear, however, how this phenomenon is triggered and what mechanisms are implicated. Here, we show that both DHA and(More)
The Bolivian government issued a regulation for rabies control in November 2005, owing to increasing the prevalence of dog and human rabies cases in recent years. An assessment of rabies-vaccination coverage and other factors that might influence the success of the on-going vaccination campaign was needed. The objective of this study was to investigate dog(More)
BACKGROUND Colonoscopy is one of the methods of choice for screening relatives of patients with colorectal cancer. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the rate of adherence to colonoscopy in first-degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer and describe the lesions found. METHODS A prospective, cross-sectional, multicentre, nationwide study was conducted. The(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mismatch repair (MMR) deficiencies are the hallmark of tumors arising in Lynch syndrome, however, in approximately 15% of sporadic colorectal cancers (CRC) these deficiencies most often are associated with somatic methylation of the MMR gene MLH1. Recently, an oncogenic mutation in the BRAF gene has been involved in sporadic CRC showing(More)
PURPOSE Patients with colorectal cancer have a high risk of developing metachronous neoplasms. Identification of predictive factors associated with such conditions would allow individualized follow-up strategies in these patients. This study was designed to identify individual and familial factors associated with the development of metachronous colorectal(More)