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Group A streptococcus (GAS) has been described as an emerging cause of severe invasive infections. A retrospective hospital-based study was conducted, including GAS isolates causing invasive or non-invasive infections from January 1999 to June 2003 in Barcelona. Demographic and clinical information on the invasive cases was obtained from medical files. GAS(More)
Trends in resistance to antimicrobial agents used for therapy have been evaluated with 3,797 enteropathogenic bacteria, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, and Yersinia, between 1985-1987 and 1995-1998. The greater increase in the rate of resistance was observed in Campylobacter jejuni for quinolones (from 1 to 82%) and tetracycline (from 23 to 72%) and in(More)
OBJECTIVES We describe 12 VIM-1-producing strains (7 Enterobacter cloacae, 2 Klebsiella pneumoniae and 3 clonal Klebsiella oxytoca strains) detected among clinically relevant Enterobacteriaceae isolates from routine cultures at the Hospital del Mar (Barcelona, Spain) from December 2006 to May 2007. METHODS Susceptibility to carbapenems was evaluated with(More)
Two strains of Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, producing VIM-1 were isolated for the first time in Spain. In both strains, bla(VIM-1) was found to be carried on a gene cassette inserted into a class 1 integron. The bla(VIM-1)-containing integron was located on a transferable plasmid.
This study aims to determine the presence of extended-spectrum (ESBL) and plasmidic class C beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in poultry, pig and rabbit farms of Catalonia (Spain). PFGE typing showed a low clonal relationship among strains carrying these mechanisms of resistance. Ninety-three percent of them were resistant to two or more of the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to determine the presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in different environments. METHODS Clinical samples and stool samples from animal farms, sewage, human faecal carriers attending the emergency room and faecal carriers in the context of food-borne disease outbreaks were subcultured(More)
A total of 2440 Escherichia coli strains isolated in 2003 at the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau were evaluated for the presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. Two different nucleotide sequences that encode the same beta-lactamase, CTX-M-14, were detected when the bla(CTX-M-14)-genes of 35 E. coli isolates were analysed. Thirty-two of the 35 had(More)
Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica isolates carrying the bla(CTX-M-9) gene located on plasmids prevailed at the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain in the 1996-1999 period. The bla(CTX-M-9)-carrying plasmids showed a great variability in size, suggesting the mobilization of the gene among different plasmid scaffolds. The aim of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence and risk factors for infection due to AmpC β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (AmpC-EC). METHODS For the prevalence study, all clinical isolates of E. coli with reduced susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins were prospectively included from June 2010 to November 2011. For risk factor analysis, a(More)