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1. Magnetic stimulation was applied over the motor cortex in forty-five normal human subjects and peristimulus time histograms (PSTHs) of the discharges of single motor units were used to record changes in the firing probability of individual spinal motoneurones of contralateral upper limb muscles. Recordings were obtained from 153 motor units from fourteen(More)
1. The hypothesis that the long latency reflex response to muscle stretch in humans uses a transcortical pathway was tested by looking for convergence onto cortical neurones in eleven normal subjects. 2. Postsynaptic events in single flexor pollicis longus (FPL) motoneurones were derived from changes in the firing probability of individual FPL motor units.(More)
The hypothesis that long-latency reflex activity in human small hand muscles in response to stimulation of digital nerves involves a transcortical pathway was tested by combining digital nerve stimulation and magnetic stimulation over the motor cortex in 12 studies on nine normal subjects. Postsynaptic events in human single first dorsal interosseous (FDI)(More)
Sixteen patients manifested the syndrome of loss of environmental familiarity. The syndrome is characterized by an inability to recognize familiar surroundings in spite of relatively intact verbal memory, cognition, and perception. In addition to the loss of environmental familiarity, other clinical disturbances, including central achromatopsia,(More)
No uniformly accepted hypothesis explains the genesis and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. We followed 5,184 men and women prospectively for 26 years; 36 cases of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) accounted for 62% of all intracranial hemorrhages. Blood pressure before SAH was higher in these patients than in controls. Definite hypertension(More)
1. When seated human subjects abducted one arm rapidly in response to a tone there was successively a burst of electromyographic (EMG) activity in the deltoid and latissimus dorsi muscles followed by another burst in the deltoid muscle. This triphasic pattern is typical of a ballistic 'focal movement'. There were also bursts of EMG activity in the(More)
Attempts to eliminate Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis were made in 2 piglet producing herds by intramuscular injections with doramectin (Dectomax, Pfizer inc., New York, USA). No hygienic measures of the environments were undertaken. In herd A, all animals were treated twice at a 14-day interval. Theoretically it should be possible to eliminate the mite with a(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and the effect on standardized clinical rating measures of transplanted embryonic porcine ventral mesencephalic (VM) tissue in advanced PD. METHODS Twelve patients with idiopathic PD underwent unilateral implantation of embryonic porcine VM tissue; six received cyclosporine immunosuppression and six received tissue treated(More)
A ballistic movement of one arm may be accompanied by contractions of contralateral postural muscles known as "associated postural adjustments." Ballistic movements are considered to involve the motor cortex, but it is not known where associated postural adjustments are generated. We recorded the EMG activity in the deltoid and latissimus dorsi muscles(More)