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Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) affects 33 million individuals worldwide and is a leading cause of blindness. In a study of 54 families with autosomal dominantly inherited adult-onset POAG, we identified the causative gene on chromosome 10p14 and designated it OPTN (for "optineurin"). Sequence alterations in OPTN were found in 16.7% of families with(More)
We identified mutations in the VSX1 homeobox gene for two distinct inherited corneal dystrophies; posterior polymorphous dystrophy (PPD) and keratoconus. One of the mutation (R166W) responsible for keratoconus altered the homeodomain and impaired DNA binding. Two other sequence changes (L159M and G160D) were associated with keratoconus and PPD,(More)
"Early-onset glaucoma" refers to genetically heterogeneous conditions for which glaucoma manifests at age 5-40 years and for which only a small subset is molecularly characterized. We studied the role of MYOC, CYP1B1, and PITX2 in a population (n=60) affected with juvenile or early-onset glaucoma from the greater Toronto area. By a combination of(More)
A glaucoma locus, GLC1A, was identified previously on chromosome 1q. A gene within this locus (encoding the protein myocilin) subsequently was shown to harbor mutations in 2-4% of primary open angle glaucoma patients. A total of 1703 patients was screened from five different populations representing three racial groups. There were 1284 patients from(More)
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in virtually every country. Development of an accurate diagnostic test for presymptomatic detection of individuals at risk is an urgent requisition for this condition. Herein, we report mapping of a new adult-onset primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) locus on 5q22.1 (GLC1G) and identification of its defective gene.(More)
The RPE65 gene encodes the isomerase of the retinoid cycle, the enzymatic pathway that underlies mammalian vision. Mutations in RPE65 disrupt the retinoid cycle and cause a congenital human blindness known as Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). We used adeno-associated virus-2-based RPE65 gene replacement therapy to treat three young adults with RPE65-LCA and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the frequency of mutations in the CRX, GUCY2D, and RPE65 genes in patients with Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). PATIENTS One hundred seventy-six probands with a clinical diagnosis of LCA were from 9 countries, with the largest subgroup being 39 probands from India. METHODS Samples were screened with single-strand conformation(More)
Despite the fact that cataracts constitute the leading cause of blindness worldwide, the mechanisms of lens opacification remain unclear. We recently mapped the aculeiform cataract to the gamma-crystallin locus (CRYG) on chromosome 2q33-35, and mutational analysis of the CRYG-genes cluster identified the aculeiform-cataract mutation in exon 2 of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the molecular pathology underlying BIGH3-related corneal dystrophies (CDs) and to further delineate genotype-phenotype specificity. METHODS Sixty-one index patients with CDs were subjected to phenotypic and genotypic characterization. The corneal phenotypes of all patients were assessed by biomicroscopy and documented by slit lamp(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that mutations in the CRB1 gene cause Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and, if so, to describe the ocular phenotype of patients with LCA who harbor CRB1 sequence variations. PATIENTS One hundred ninety probands with a clinical diagnosis of LCA were selected from a cohort of 233 probands ascertained in 5 different(More)