Elise Anne Lepeltier

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Biodegradable nanocarriers such as lipid- or polymer-based nanoparticles can be designed to improve the efficacy and reduce the toxic side effects of drugs. Under appropriate conditions, nanoprecipitation of a hydrophobic compound solution in a non-solvent can generate a dispersion of nanoparticles with a narrow distribution of sizes without the use of(More)
We identified that the chemical linkage of the anticancer drug doxorubicin onto squalene, a natural lipid precursor of the cholesterol's biosynthesis, led to the formation of squalenoyl doxorubicin (SQ-Dox) nanoassemblies of 130-nm mean diameter, with an original "loop-train" structure. This unique nanomedicine demonstrates: (i) high drug payload, (ii)(More)
During the last 3 decades, nanomedicines have provided novel opportunities to improve the delivery of chemotherapeutics in cancer therapy effectively. However, many principles learnt from there have the potential to be transferred to other diseases. This perspective article, on the one hand, critically reflects the limitations of nanomedicines in tumor(More)
We report the conjugation of the natural lipid squalene (SQ) with a small interfering RNA (siRNA), against the junction oncogene RET/PTC1, usually found in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The acyclic isoprenoid chain of squalene has been covalently coupled with siRNA RET/PTC1 at the 3'-terminus of the sense strand via maleimide-sulfhydryl chemistry.(More)
Fondaparinux (Fpx) is the anticoagulant of choice in the treatment of short- and medium-term thromboembolic disease. To overcome the low oral bioavailability of Fpx, a new nanoparticulate carrier has been developed. The nanoparticles (NPs) contain squalenyl derivatives, known for their excellent oral bioavailability. They spontaneously self-assemble upon(More)
A series of new lipid prodrugs of paclitaxel, which can be formulated as nanoassemblies, are described. These prodrugs which are designed to overcome the limitations due to the systemic toxicity and low water solubility of paclitaxel consist of a squalene chain bound to the 2'-OH of paclitaxel through a 1,4-cis,cis-dienic linker. This design allows the(More)
A series of new polyisoprenoyl prodrugs of gemcitabine, which can be formulated as nanoassemblies are described. These prodrugs were designed to improve gemcitabine efficacy and to overcome the limitations due to the systemic toxicity of this anticancer compound. In vitro biological assessment showed that these polyisoprenoyl gemcitabine nanoassemblies(More)
Squalene-based nucleolipids, including anticancer or antiviral prodrugs, gave rise to nanoparticles displaying a diversity of structures upon nanoprecipitation in water. Synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering and cryo-TEM imaging revealed that both the nature of the nucleoside and the position of the squalene moiety relative to the nucleobase determined(More)
Nucleotide analogues are a therapeutic class that is very promising and currently used in clinics, notably against viral infectious diseases and cancer. However, their therapeutic potential is often restricted by a poor stability in vivo, the induction of severe side effects, and limited passive intracellular diffusion due to their hydrophilicity.(More)
The present study describes the synthesis of chitosan-squalene (chitosan-SQ), a unique amphiphilic chitosan derivative, which enables the efficient formation of nanoparticles in acetate buffer by self-assembly. The influence of different parameters on the nanoparticle size such as percentage of substitution, pH of the acetate buffer, concentration in(More)