Elisabetta Sbisà

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This paper reports the first comprehensive analysis of Displacement loop (D-loop) region sequences from ten different mammalian orders. It represents a systematic evolutionary study at the molecular level on regulatory homologous regions in organisms belonging to a well defined class, mammalia, which radiated about 150 million years ago (Mya). We have(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the D-loop-containing regions of three rat mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs), two from the species Rattus norvegicus and one from R. rattus, were determined. Comparisons made among these sequences and with the mouse sequence showed that, on the basis of both base composition and frequency of nucleotide alterations, three domains could(More)
This paper reports the nucleotide sequence of rat mitochondrial DNA, only the fourth mammalian mitochondrial genome to be completely sequenced. Extensive comparative studies performed with similar genomes from other organisms revealed a number of interesting features. 1) Messenger RNA genes: the codon strategy is mainly dictated by the base compositional(More)
Regulation of gene expression at transcriptional and post-transcriptional level involves the interaction between short DNA or RNA tracts and the corresponding trans-acting protein factors. Detection of such cis-acting elements in genome-wide screenings may significantly contribute to genome annotation and comparative analysis as well as to target functional(More)
The evolution of the main regulatory region (D-loop) of the mammalian mitochondrial genome was analyzed by comparing the sequences of eight mammalian species: human, common chimpanzee, pygmy chimpanzee, dolphin, cow, rat, mouse, and rabbit. The best alignment of the sequences was obtained by optimization of the sequence similarities common to all these(More)
A detailed comparative study of the regions surrounding the origin of replication in vertebrate mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has revealed a number of interesting properties. This region, called the D-loop-containing region, can be divided into three domains. The left (L) and right (R) domains, which have a low G content and contain the 5′ and the 3′ D-loop(More)
The mitochondrial genome (mtDNA), due to its peculiar features such as exclusive presence of orthologous genes, uniparental inheritance, lack of recombination, small size and constant gene content, certainly represents a major model system in studies on evolutionary genomics in metazoan. In 800 million years of evolution the gene content of metazoan(More)
tRNA processing is a central event in mammalian mitochondrial gene expression. We have identified key enzymatic activities (ribonuclease P, precursor tRNA 3'-endonuclease, and ATP(CTP)-tRNA-specific nucleotidyltransferase) that are involved in HeLa cell mitochondrial tRNA maturation. Different mitochondrial tRNA precursors are cleaved precisely at the tRNA(More)
The origin of modern man is a highly debated issue that has recently been tackled by using mitochondrial DNA sequences. The limited genetic variability of human mtDNA has been explained in terms of a recent common genetic ancestry, thus implying that all modern-population mtDNAs originated from a single woman who lived in Africa less than 0.2 Mya. This(More)
This paper reports an intraorder study on the D-loop-containing region of the mitochondrial DNA in rodents. A complete multialignment of this region is not feasible with the exception of some conserved regions. The comparative analysis of 25 complete rodent sequences from 23 species plus one lagomorph has revealed that only the central domain (CD), a(More)