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This paper reports the first comprehensive analysis of Displacement loop (D-loop) region sequences from ten different mammalian orders. It represents a systematic evolutionary study at the molecular level on regulatory homologous regions in organisms belonging to a well defined class, mammalia, which radiated about 150 million years ago (Mya). We have(More)
This paper reports the nucleotide sequence of rat mitochondrial DNA, only the fourth mammalian mitochondrial genome to be completely sequenced. Extensive comparative studies performed with similar genomes from other organisms revealed a number of interesting features. 1) Messenger RNA genes: the codon strategy is mainly dictated by the base compositional(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the D-loop-containing regions of three rat mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs), two from the species Rattus norvegicus and one from R. rattus, were determined. Comparisons made among these sequences and with the mouse sequence showed that, on the basis of both base composition and frequency of nucleotide alterations, three domains could(More)
The evolution of the main regulatory region (D-loop) of the mammalian mitochondrial genome was analyzed by comparing the sequences of eight mammalian species: human, common chimpanzee, pygmy chimpanzee, dolphin, cow, rat, mouse, and rabbit. The best alignment of the sequences was obtained by optimization of the sequence similarities common to all these(More)
A detailed comparative study of the regions surrounding the origin of replication in vertebrate mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has revealed a number of interesting properties. This region, called the D-loop-containing region, can be divided into three domains. The left (L) and right (R) domains, which have a low G content and contain the 5′ and the 3′ D-loop(More)
We have characterized the transcriptional pattern of the rat mitochondrial ND6-containing region in vivo. We have identified a stable polyadenylated RNA species complementary for the full length of the ND6 mRNA. The analysis of the ND5 region has revealed the presence of an antisense RNA only at its 3' end. The presence of these stable antisense species(More)
tRNA processing is a central event in mammalian mitochondrial gene expression. We have identified key enzymatic activities (ribonuclease P, precursor tRNA 3'-endonuclease, and ATP(CTP)-tRNA-specific nucleotidyltransferase) that are involved in HeLa cell mitochondrial tRNA maturation. Different mitochondrial tRNA precursors are cleaved precisely at the tRNA(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma remains a challenging procedure and recent published results continue to show that few patients are cured of their disease. The objective of this review was to determine the results of radical resection and to identify factors associated with long-term survival. METHODOLOGY Retrospective review of(More)
The mitochondrial genome (mtDNA), due to its peculiar features such as exclusive presence of orthologous genes, uniparental inheritance, lack of recombination, small size and constant gene content, certainly represents a major model system in studies on evolutionary genomics in metazoan. In 800 million years of evolution the gene content of metazoan(More)
Bep mRNAs, i.e., maternal messengers coding for cell surface proteins, are localized in the animal part of Paracertrotus lividus egg and embryos. Here we have examined the involvement of the cytoskeleton in asymmetric distribution of bep3 mRNA. Moreover, in order to understand whether and how cis- and trans-acting factors are necessary for bep3 mRNA(More)