Elisabetta Pandolfi

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BACKGROUND Nosocomial infections place a substantial burden on health care systems and represent one of the major issues in current public health, requiring notable efforts for its prevention. Understanding the dynamics of infection transmission in a hospital setting is essential for tailoring interventions and predicting the spread among individuals.(More)
We reviewed the epidemiology of pertussis in Italy over the last 125 years to identify disease trends and factors that could have influenced these trends. We described mortality rates (1888-2012), case fatality rates (1925-2012), cumulative incidence rates (1925-2013) and age-specific incidence rates (1974-2013). We compared data from routine surveillance(More)
The immunogenicity of a vaccine is conventionally measured through the level of serum Abs early after immunization, but to ensure protection specific Abs should be maintained long after primary vaccination. For hepatitis B, protective levels often decline over time, but breakthrough infections do not seem to occur. The aim of this study was to demonstrate(More)
We assessed the knowledge of Italian mothers of adolescent girls about HPV and HPV vaccination, their willingness to immunize their daughters, and their perception of the role of different medical specialists in the HPV immunization strategy by a telephone interview. Fifty-four percent of the 807 interviewed mothers reported to have ever heard about HPV,(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) can be increased by preconception risk factors and lifestyles.We measured the prevalence of preconception risk factors for APOs in a population of Italian women of childbearing age enrolled in a web-based study. METHODS Participants were enrolled through a web platform (http://www.mammainforma.it). After(More)
Pollen forecasts are in use everywhere to inform therapeutic decisions for patients with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC). We exploited data derived from Twitter in order to identify tweets reporting a combination of symptoms consistent with a case definition of ARC and those reporting the name of an antihistamine drug. In order to increase the(More)
BACKGROUND Improving immunisation rates in risk groups is one of the main objectives in vaccination strategies. However, achieving high vaccination rates in children with chronic conditions is difficult. Different types of vaccine providers may differently attract high risk children. AIM To describe the characteristics of two populations of children who(More)
We compared pertussis surveillance systems of 16 European countries in the period 1998-2002. In twelve out of sixteen countries the system covered the general population. Ten countries relied on WHO case definition for surveillance of pertussis. Eleven countries applied laboratory tests, and eight of them used PCR for case confirmation. The proportion of(More)
In 2005, in accordance with recommendations made by the European Medicines Agency, the Italian Drug Agency ordered withdrawal of the hexavalent Hexavac(®) vaccine (Sanofi Pasteur MSD) from the market. Concerns had been raised about the low immunogenicity of the hepatitis B virus component of the vaccine, assessed by measurement of serum antibody levels, and(More)