Elisabetta Pace

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Leptin is involved in the lung epithelial homeostasis. Its role in the nasal tract is largely unknown. Allergic rhinitis (AR) is induced by the allergen exposure leading to consequential structural abnormalities in the nasal epithelium. Topical corticosteroids are recommended as first-line therapy in AR. Parietaria pollen is one of the most important(More)
Maurizio Vignola was a superb and innovative researcher, who wrote seminal papers on the biology of airway epithelium in asthma. Inflammation and remodelling were the main topics of his research, mostly conducted in biopsy specimens from patients with asthma of variable severity, encompassing the entire spectrum of the disease from mild to severe asthma.(More)
The pleural space is a potential compartment between the lung and chest wall that becomes filled with fluid and inflammatory cells in a number of respiratory diseases. In an attempt to understand one aspect of the inflammatory process in the pleural space, we compared the responses in three different diseases (congestive heart failure [CHF], tuberculosis(More)
BACKGROUND Altered pulmonary defenses in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may promote distal airways bacterial colonization. The expression/activation of Toll Like receptors (TLR) and beta 2 defensin (HBD2) release by epithelial cells crucially affect pulmonary defence mechanisms. METHODS The epithelial expression of TLR4 and of HBD2 was(More)
Apoptosis is an important mechanism allowing inflammation to be limited. Glucocorticoids are the most effective anti-inflammatory agents in asthma therapy and induce cell apoptosis. Since T-lymphocytes are critically involved in airway inflammation in asthma, the effects of fluticasone propionate (FP) on apoptosis in unstimulated and in interleukin (IL)-2(More)
Dendritic cells are human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR positive accessory cells, that play a critical role in the development of cell-mediated immune reactions. Since the pleural space is frequently involved in cell-mediated immune reactions, we sought to isolate dendritic cells from pleural fluid. Pleural effusion mononuclear cells (PEMCs) were obtained by(More)
Both severe asthma and obesity are growing health problems. Severe asthma leads to a poor quality of life. The relationship among BMI, comorbidities, and severe asthma control in adults is still unclear. The aim of the study is to better understand the effect of the comorbidities as atopy, type II diabetes, OSAS, gastroesophageal reflux, hypertension,(More)
BACKGROUND In Italy, the nsLTP (Pru p 3) has been identified as the most frequent cause of food allergy and anaphylaxis. In order to estimate the risk assessment in peach allergy, we investigated the presence of correlations between the levels of sIgE to Pru p 3 with the severity of the clinical symptoms in two Pru p 3 positive populations from two(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of the apoptosis mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis have suggested that Mycobacterium tuberculosis can actively interfere with the apoptosis of infected cells. In vivo studies have been performed in adult populations but have not focused on this process in children. In the present study, we analyzed spontaneous T(More)
Cigarette smoke extracts (CSE) induce oxidative stress, an important feature in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and oxidative stress contributes to the poor clinical efficacy of corticosteroids in COPD patients. Carbocysteine, an antioxidant and mucolytic agent, is effective in reducing the severity and the rate of exacerbations in COPD(More)