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We focused on the functional guild of methane oxidizing bacteria (MOB) as model organisms to get deeper insights into microbial biogeography. The pmoA gene was used as a functional and phylogenetic marker for MOB in two approaches: (i) a pmoA database (> 4000 sequences) was evaluated to obtain insights into MOB diversity in Italian rice paddies, and paddy(More)
Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs), leucine-rich repeat (LRR) proteins evolutionarily related to several plant resistance genes, bind to and regulate the action of fungal endopolygalacturonases. In Phaseolus vulgaris L., PGIPs are encoded by a gene family comprising at least five members. As a start for a systematic analysis of the regulation of(More)
Durable resistance to blast, the most significant fungal disease of rice, represents an agronomically relevant character. Gigante Vercelli (GV) and Vialone Nano (VN) are two old temperate japonica Italian rice cultivars with contrasting response to blast infection: GV displays durable and broad resistance while VN is highly susceptible. RNA-seq was used to(More)
The mutations that convey the white pericarp phenotype to rice (Oryza sativa subsp. japonica) are in a regulatory gene, Rc. We have identified a genetic difference between the cultivar 'Perla' and its natural red rice mutant 'Perla Rosso' in the Rc gene. The deletion of a G base restores the reading frame for the Rc gene, lost by the original 14 bp deletion(More)
Apparent Amylose Content (AAC), regulated by the Waxy gene, represents the key determinant of rice cooking properties. In occidental countries high AAC rice represents the most requested market class but the availability of molecular markers allowing specific selection of high AAC varieties is limited. In this study, the effectiveness of available molecular(More)
n-Alkanes, esters, aldehydes, free alcohols, β-diketones and hydroxy-β-diketones were found to be the lipid components of the cuticular waxes of common wheat Chinese Spring (Triticum aestivum L.). The ditelosomic lines 7A-L and 7D-S showed a dramatic decrease in the amount of β-diketones and hydroxy β-diketones which are reduced to traces. The homologue(More)
Rice plants play a key role in regulating methane emissions from paddy fields by affecting both underlying processes: methane production and oxidation. Specific differences were reported for methane oxidation rates; however, studies on the bacterial communities involved are rare. Here, we analysed the methanotrophic community on the roots of 18 different(More)
Plants contain proteins that are capable of inactivating ribosomes, commonly referred to as Ribosome Inactivating Proteins (RIPs). These particular plant proteins have received attention in biological and biomedical research because of their unique biological activities towards animals and human cells as cell-killing agents. Some of the best-characterised(More)
Five varieties of durum wheat: Appulo, Ofanto, Latino, Creso, and Castello (Triticum durum Desf.) adapted to the semi-arid mediterranean environment have been tested for their in vitro response. Compact, embryogenic, highly regenerable calli originated from primary callus derived through proliferation of the scutellum of immature embryos explanted in the(More)
The wild species Solanum integrifolium represents a source of pest and disease resistance genes for breeding strategies of the cultivated species Solanum melongena. Somatic hybridization via protoplast fusion between the two species may provide a valuable tool for transferring polygenic traits into the cultivated species. The availability of S.integrifolium(More)