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Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans histiocytosis. Recent findings suggest that ECD is a clonal disorder, marked by recurrent BRAFV600E mutations in >50% of patients, in which chronic uncontrolled inflammation is an important mediator of disease pathogenesis. Although ∼500 to 550 cases have been described in the literature to date,(More)
We assessed the relative contribution of CD31/PECAM-1 (platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1) to T lymphocyte transmigration by the use of transfected murine fibroblasts stably expressing either the human CD31/PECAM-1 or the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (CD54/ICAM-1). Unlike CD54/ICAM-1, CD31/PECAM-1 supported migration of activated T cells in(More)
We have investigated the role of p55 and p75 tumor necrosis factor receptors 1 and 2 (TNFR1 and TNFR2, respectively) in TNF-induced alteration of endothelial permeability in vitro and in vivo. Stimulation of TNFR1 with an agonist antibody or a receptor-selective TNF mutein increased the flux of (125)I-albumin through endothelial cell monolayers. An(More)
Elevated levels of circulating chromogranin A (CgA), a protein stored in the secretory granules of many neuroendocrine cells and neurons, have been detected in the blood of patients with neuroendocrine tumors or heart failure. The pathophysiological role of increased secretion of CgA is unknown. Using mice bearing subcutaneous tumors genetically engineered(More)
Granuloma is a typical feature of tuberculosis. We evaluated the chemotaxis of selected human leucocyte subsets induced by macrophages incubated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT)-derived products in vitro. The release of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) correlated with the specific induction of strong chemotaxis towards(More)
BACKGROUND Ozonated autohemotherapy (OA) has been previously successfully used in the treatment of patients affected by peripheral occlusive arterial disease. OA consists of an intrafemoral reinfusion of autologous blood previously exposed to a mixture of oxygen/ozone (O2/O3). This study analyzes the effects of OA in protecting rat kidney from ischemia and(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) mediated by blood-derived immune cells invading the CNS. This invasion could be determined by chemokines, and their role within the MS-affected brain is still poorly defined. We investigated the expression by RT-PCR and protein release by ELISA of the interferon-gamma(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of blood vessels from pre-existing vasculature, is regulated by a complex interplay of anti and proangiogenic factors. We found that physiologic levels of circulating chromogranin A (CgA), a protein secreted by the neuroendocrine system, can inhibit angiogenesis in various in vitro and in vivo experimental models.(More)
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, characterised by diffuse organ infiltration of CD68-positive, CD1a-negative, S100-low/negative foamy histiocytes. It is a non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis which invariably involves bones (96% of cases). Extraskeletal involvement is observed in about 50% of cases.(More)