Elisabetta Ferrero

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Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans histiocytosis. Recent findings suggest that ECD is a clonal disorder, marked by recurrent BRAFV600E mutations in >50% of patients, in which chronic uncontrolled inflammation is an important mediator of disease pathogenesis. Although ∼500 to 550 cases have been described in the literature to date,(More)
We assessed the relative contribution of CD31/PECAM-1 (platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1) to T lymphocyte transmigration by the use of transfected murine fibroblasts stably expressing either the human CD31/PECAM-1 or the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (CD54/ICAM-1). Unlike CD54/ICAM-1, CD31/PECAM-1 supported migration of activated T cells in(More)
We have investigated the role of p55 and p75 tumor necrosis factor receptors 1 and 2 (TNFR1 and TNFR2, respectively) in TNF-induced alteration of endothelial permeability in vitro and in vivo. Stimulation of TNFR1 with an agonist antibody or a receptor-selective TNF mutein increased the flux of (125)I-albumin through endothelial cell monolayers. An(More)
Granuloma is a typical feature of tuberculosis. We evaluated the chemotaxis of selected human leucocyte subsets induced by macrophages incubated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT)-derived products in vitro. The release of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) correlated with the specific induction of strong chemotaxis towards(More)
Elevated levels of circulating chromogranin A (CgA), a protein stored in the secretory granules of many neuroendocrine cells and neurons, have been detected in the blood of patients with neuroendocrine tumors or heart failure. The pathophysiological role of increased secretion of CgA is unknown. Using mice bearing subcutaneous tumors genetically engineered(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) mediated by blood-derived immune cells invading the CNS. This invasion could be determined by chemokines, and their role within the MS-affected brain is still poorly defined. We investigated the expression by RT-PCR and protein release by ELISA of the interferon-gamma(More)
The proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib has been approved for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM), thanks to its ability to induce MM cell apoptosis. Moreover, Bortezomib has antiangiogenic properties. We report that endothelial cells (EC) exposed to Bortezomib undergo death to an extent that depends strictly on their activation state.(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that specific epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) proinflammatory adipokines might be implicated in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We compared expression and protein secretion of several EAT adipokines of male ACS with those of matched stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and controls with(More)
p40/LAIR-1, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is a surface molecule broadly distributed among leukocytes which has been shown to down-regulate T and NK cell activation. In this study, we show that p40/LAIR-1 is highly expressed in CD14+ peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). When cultured in the presence of granulocyte-macrophage(More)
In bacterial meningitis, the recruitment of leukocytes across the blood-brain barrier into the central nervous system may be crucial for both elimination of pathogens and tissue injury. In addition to bacterial cell wall products, host factors including chemokines may lead to accumulation of phagocytes within the central nervous system. As shown by Northern(More)