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Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans histiocytosis. Recent findings suggest that ECD is a clonal disorder, marked by recurrent BRAFV600E mutations in >50% of patients, in which chronic uncontrolled inflammation is an important mediator of disease pathogenesis. Although ∼500 to 550 cases have been described in the literature to date,(More)
Elevated levels of circulating chromogranin A (CgA), a protein stored in the secretory granules of many neuroendocrine cells and neurons, have been detected in the blood of patients with neuroendocrine tumors or heart failure. The pathophysiological role of increased secretion of CgA is unknown. Using mice bearing subcutaneous tumors genetically engineered(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) mediated by blood-derived immune cells invading the CNS. This invasion could be determined by chemokines, and their role within the MS-affected brain is still poorly defined. We investigated the expression by RT-PCR and protein release by ELISA of the interferon-gamma(More)
BACKGROUND Ozonated autohemotherapy (OA) has been previously successfully used in the treatment of patients affected by peripheral occlusive arterial disease. OA consists of an intrafemoral reinfusion of autologous blood previously exposed to a mixture of oxygen/ozone (O2/O3). This study analyzes the effects of OA in protecting rat kidney from ischemia and(More)
We assessed the relative contribution of CD31/PECAM-1 (platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1) to T lymphocyte transmigration by the use of transfected murine fibroblasts stably expressing either the human CD31/PECAM-1 or the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (CD54/ICAM-1). Unlike CD54/ICAM-1, CD31/PECAM-1 supported migration of activated T cells in(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of blood vessels from pre-existing vasculature, is regulated by a complex interplay of anti and proangiogenic factors. We found that physiologic levels of circulating chromogranin A (CgA), a protein secreted by the neuroendocrine system, can inhibit angiogenesis in various in vitro and in vivo experimental models.(More)
The proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib has been approved for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM), thanks to its ability to induce MM cell apoptosis. Moreover, Bortezomib has antiangiogenic properties. We report that endothelial cells (EC) exposed to Bortezomib undergo death to an extent that depends strictly on their activation state.(More)
We have found that chromogranin A (CgA), a protein released in circulation by neuroendocrine cells and neurons, prevents the vascular leakage induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in a mouse model. Studies of the mechanism of action showed that CgA and its NH(2)-terminal fragments inhibit TNF-induced vascular permeability by preventing endothelial(More)
Circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) are vascular-committed bone marrow-derived cells that are dysfunctional in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Here we studied whether restoration of normoglycemia following islet transplantation is associated with better CAC function. We carried out a cross-sectional study of 18 T1D patients, 14 insulin-independent islet-transplanted(More)