Elisabetta Cagetti

Learn More
One of the pharmacological targets of ethanol is the GABAA receptor (GABAR), whose function and expression are altered after chronic administration of ethanol. The details of the changes differ between experimental models. In the chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) model for alcohol dependence, rats are exposed to intermittent episodes of intoxicating(More)
Rat cerebellar granule cells were cultured for 5 days with progesterone, resulting in the conversion of progesterone to allopregnanolone, a potent and efficacious modulator of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type-A receptors, as well as in decreases in the abundance of GABA(A) receptor alpha(1), alpha(3), alpha(5), and gamma(2) subunit mRNAs. These effects(More)
Previously, we reported (Cagetti, Liang, Spigelman, and Olsen, 2003) that chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) treatment leads to signs of alcohol dependence, including anxiety and hyperactivity, accompanied by reduced synaptic gamma-aminobutyric acid (A) receptor (GABAAR) function and altered sensitivity to its allosteric modulators consistent with a(More)
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) symptoms include hyperexcitability, anxiety, and sleep disorders. Chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) treatment of rats with subsequent withdrawal of ethanol (EtOH) reproduced AWS symptoms in behavioral assays, which included tolerance to the sleep-inducing effect of acute EtOH and its maintained anxiolytic effect.(More)
The effects of long-term exposure to, and subsequent withdrawal of, diazepam or imidazenil (full and partial agonists of the benzodiazepine receptor, respectively) on the abundance of GABA(A) receptor subunit mRNAs and peptides were investigated in rat cerebellar granule cells in culture. Exposure of cells to 10 microM diazepam for 5 days significantly(More)
Topiramate, a novel anticonvulsant drug, has CNS depressant activity including enhancement of GABAergic inhibitory synaptic transmission. Drugs of this pharmacological spectrum might have utility in assuaging drug addiction. This study analyzes the ability of TPM to reduce withdrawal signs in the kindling model of ethanol dependence: chronic intermittent(More)
The effects of long-term treatment with and subsequent withdrawal of the two hypnotic drugs zaleplon and zolpidem on the abundance of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor subunit mRNAs in cultured rat cerebellar granule cells were investigated. Incubation of neurons with either drug at a concentration of 10 microM for 5 days did not(More)
The neurosteroid allopregnanolone is a potent and efficacious modulator of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A receptors. The effects of intracerebroventricular injection of allopregnanolone (5 to 15 micrograms/5 microliters) on basal and stress-induced release of acetylcholine were investigated in various regions of the brain areas of freely moving rats(More)
The study of alcohol dependence mechanisms has been aided by work in rodents, where regimens of intermittent chronic administration with repeated episodes of intoxication and withdrawal can be coupled with controlled timing of in vitro studies and the possibility of relating them to behavior. The chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) model in the rat has been(More)
Expression of rat brain gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors in Xenopus laevis oocytes can be achieved by injection of the oocytes with synaptosomes. This approach has now been applied to evaluate changes in the function of nigral GABA(A) receptors after degeneration of the striatonigral GABAergic pathway induced by the unilateral infusion of(More)