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Various therapeutic interventions after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) have been shown to reduce brain injury in the short-term perspective, but it remains uncertain whether such findings are accompanied by long-term functional and structural improvements. HI was induced in 7-d-old rats as follows. The left carotid artery was ligated, and the rat was exposed to 100(More)
The inflammatory response following hypoxic-ischemia (HI) in the neonate is largely unknown. Presently, the expression of microglial antigens and the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) were studied in relation to a dendrosomatic marker of neuronal injury (microtubule associated protein II; MAP II). HI was induced in 7-day-old rats by the combined(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) and cysteine in the development of brain damage after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in neonates. In a rat model of neonatal HI, changes in extracellular (ec) amino acids in cerebral cortex were measured with microdialysis and correlated with the extent of brain damage at the(More)
The effects of nonselective (theophylline), A1-(DPCPX) or A2A-selective (SCH 58261) adenosine receptor antagonists administered before or after neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) were studied on the extent of brain injury in 7-day-old rats evaluated after 14 days. A possible effect of theophylline (20 mg/kg) on expression of immediate early genes was studied(More)
We used quantitative in situ hybridization and receptor autoradiography to study changes in adenosine receptors following hypoxia-ischemia (H-I) in the neonatal rat brain. Seven-day-old rat pups were subjected to a unilateral ligation of the common carotid artery followed by a 2 h 15 min hypoxic period (7.7% O2 in N2). Adenosine A1 receptor mRNA in cortex(More)
Neonatal rats were subjected to transient cerebral hypoxic-ischemia (HI, unilateral occlusion of the common carotid artery +7.70% O2 for 100 min) and allowed to recover for up to 14 days. Calpain caseinolytic activity was found to increase in both hemispheres for at least 20 hr. Hypoxic exposure per se increased the activity of calpains, more pronounced in(More)
This in vivo study, aimed at detecting the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) evoked Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores in the neonatal rat brain, demonstrates that the application of 5 mM N-methyl-D-aspartate via a microdialysis probe for 20 min to the dentate gyrus (DG) of halotane-anesthetized 7 day-old (postnatal day 7, PND 7) rats induces(More)
We used quantitative in situ hybridization to study changes in the expression of c-fos following hypoxic-ischemia (H-I) in the neonatal rat brain. 7-day-old rat pups were subjected to a unilateral ligation of the common carotid artery followed by a 2 h 15 min hypoxic period (7.7% O2 in N2). This resulted in the expected ipsilateral infarction of cortex,(More)
Neonatal rats were subjected to transient cerebral hypoxic-ischemia (unilateral occlusion of the common carotid artery + 7.70% O2 for 100 min) and allowed to recover for 3 h, 24 h, 2 days or 14 days. Consecutive tissue sections were stained with antibodies against alpha-fodrin, the 150 kDa breakdown product of alpha-fodrin (FBDP, marker of calpain(More)
In this paper we will deal with the determination of the inverse of a dichoto-mous probability distribution. In particular it will be shown that a dichotomous distribution admit inverse if and only if it corresponds to a random variable assuming values (0, a), a ∈ R +. Moreover we will provide two general results about the behaviour of the inverse(More)