Elisabetta Balestro

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Lung mechanics and morphometry were assessed in two groups of nine normal open-chest rabbits mechanically ventilated (MV) for 3-4 h at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) with physiological tidal volumes (Vt; 11 ml/kg) and high (group A) or low (group B) inflation flow (44 and 6.1 ml x kg(-1) x s(-1), respectively). Relative to initial MV on positive(More)
RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the lung, yet the mechanisms that regulate this immune-inflammatory response are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES We investigated whether IL-32, a newly discovered cytokine, was related to markers of inflammation and clinical progression in COPD. METHODS Using(More)
RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disorder characterized by an abnormal inflammatory response that persists even after smoking cessation, yet the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES To investigate the expression of B-cell activating factor of tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF), a crucial mediator in the(More)
Lung mechanics and morphometry of 10 normal open-chest rabbits (group A), mechanically ventilated (MV) with physiological tidal volumes (8-12 ml/kg), at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP), for 3-4 h, were compared with those of five rabbits (group B) after 3-4 h of MV with a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 2.3 cmH(2)O. Relative to initial MV on(More)
Undifferentiated connective tissue diseases (UCTDs) are clinical entities characterised by signs and symptoms suggestive of a systemic autoimmune disease, which do not fulfil the diagnostic criteria for a defined connective tissue disease. Lung involvement can complicate the course and management of the disease, often determining a worse outcome.(More)
The objective of this study was to demonstrate that nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) pulmonary infections are not so infrequent and that the diagnosis may be suggested on the basis of the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) pattern alone. We retrospectively reviewed HRCT scans of 29 patients (9 men, 18 women; mean age 63 years, range 38–88 years)(More)
AIMS The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of Serpin B3/B4 in advanced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients, mainly focusing on epithelial proliferation. METHODS Lungs from 48 IPF patients (including cases with cancer or high-grade epithelial dysplasia) were studied and compared with other diffuse parenchymal diseases and normal lungs.(More)
More than 50 years ago, the observation that absence of the α1 band from protein electrophoresis is associated with severe emphysema established the link between α1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) and lung damage. From this discovery, the classic paradigm of protease/antiprotease imbalance was derived, linking lung destruction in patients with AATD to the(More)
Noneosinophilic asthma is increasingly recognised as an important clinical-pathological phenotype in adults. However, this entity has scarcely been investigated in children. In particular, it is unknown whether airway remodelling would develop in children with non-eosinophilic asthma to the same degree as in children with eosinophilic disease. We analysed(More)
RATIONALE α1-Antitrypsin (AAT) is a potent protease inhibitor, deficiency of which is associated with the presence of emphysema. An imbalance of elastase and antielastase, along with innate inflammation in the lung, is believed to cause lung destruction in α1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD). It is now apparent that AAT has important immune-regulatory roles(More)