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RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the lung, yet the mechanisms that regulate this immune-inflammatory response are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES We investigated whether IL-32, a newly discovered cytokine, was related to markers of inflammation and clinical progression in COPD. METHODS Using(More)
RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disorder characterized by an abnormal inflammatory response that persists even after smoking cessation, yet the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES To investigate the expression of B-cell activating factor of tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF), a crucial mediator in the(More)
Undifferentiated connective tissue diseases (UCTDs) are clinical entities characterised by signs and symptoms suggestive of a systemic autoimmune disease, which do not fulfil the diagnostic criteria for a defined connective tissue disease. Lung involvement can complicate the course and management of the disease, often determining a worse outcome.(More)
More than 50 years ago, the observation that absence of the α1 band from protein electrophoresis is associated with severe emphysema established the link between α1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) and lung damage. From this discovery, the classic paradigm of protease/antiprotease imbalance was derived, linking lung destruction in patients with AATD to the(More)
AIMS The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of Serpin B3/B4 in advanced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients, mainly focusing on epithelial proliferation. METHODS Lungs from 48 IPF patients (including cases with cancer or high-grade epithelial dysplasia) were studied and compared with other diffuse parenchymal diseases and normal lungs.(More)
Lung mechanics and morphometry of 10 normal open-chest rabbits (group A), mechanically ventilated (MV) with physiological tidal volumes (8-12 ml/kg), at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP), for 3-4 h, were compared with those of five rabbits (group B) after 3-4 h of MV with a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 2.3 cmH(2)O. Relative to initial MV on(More)
BACKGROUND D6 is an atypical chemokine receptor involved in chemokine degradation and resolution of acute inflammatory responses in mice. Emerging evidence suggests that D6 might behave differently in human chronic inflammatory conditions. We, therefore, investigated the involvement of D6 in the immune responses in COPD, a chronic inflammatory condition of(More)
Lung mechanics and morphometry were assessed in two groups of nine normal open-chest rabbits mechanically ventilated (MV) for 3-4 h at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) with physiological tidal volumes (Vt; 11 ml/kg) and high (group A) or low (group B) inflation flow (44 and 6.1 ml x kg(-1) x s(-1), respectively). Relative to initial MV on positive(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to demonstrate that nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) pulmonary infections are not so infrequent and that the diagnosis may be suggested on the basis of the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) pattern alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed HRCT scans of 29 patients (9 men, 18 women; mean age(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension (PH) represents an important complication of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) with a negative impact on patient survival. Herpes viruses are thought to play an etiological role in the development and/or progression of IPF. The influence of viruses on PH associated with IPF is unknown. We aimed to investigate the(More)